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Author (up) Granskog, M.A.; Kaartokallio, H.; Thomas, D.; Ehn, J.; Kuosa, H.; Sonninen, E. openurl 
  Title Horizontal variations in biogeochemical characteristics of landfast sea ice in the Gulf of Finland (the Baltic Sea) Type Book Chapter
  Year 2004 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 5-11  
  Keywords Fast Ice; Biogeochemical Properties; Salinity; Oxygen Isotope; Chlorophyll; Nutrients; Doc; Horizontal Patchiness; Spatial Variability; Patchiness; Baltic Sea; Oxygen Isotopes  
  Abstract In order to study the mesoscale variation in ice properties, horizontal variation of first-year landfast sea ice properties was investigated in the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea. Several scales of variation were considered; samples at spacing of 0.2-, 2- and 20-m were sampled at several locations at different stages of the ice season. Spacing between these locations varied from hundreds of meters to kilometers. The variables measured included salinity, stable oxygen isotopes (δ¹8O), chlorophyll-a, nutrients, and dissolved organic carbon (DOC). Analyses of the data from the arrays did not show evidence of significant patchiness at scales <20-m. On scales of hundreds of meters to kilometers there was clear patchiness in several parameters (salinity, chl-a, snow depth and ice thickness). The results imply that the sampling effort in Baltic Sea ice studies should be concentrated at scales of hundreds of meters to kilometers.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research Place of Publication Editor 17th IAHR international symposium on ice, S.P., Russia, 21-25 June 2004,  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Proceedings of the 17th IAHR international symposium on ice, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 21-25 June 2004 Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume 2 Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ admin @ Granskog_etal2004 Serial 16  
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