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  Title Relations between professional medical associations and the health-care industry, concerning scientific communication and continuing medical education: a policy statement from the European Society of Cardiology Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Acta Cardiologica Abbreviated Journal Acta Cardiol  
  Volume 67 Issue 3 Pages 379-390  
  Keywords Bias (Epidemiology); Cardiology/economics/*education/ethics; Education, Medical, Continuing/economics/*ethics/organization & administration; Europe; Health Care Sector/economics/*ethics; Internet; Interprofessional Relations/*ethics; Organizational Policy; Periodicals as Topic; Practice Guidelines as Topic; Research Support as Topic/ethics; Societies, Medical/economics/*ethics  
  Abstract Physicians have an ethical duty to keep up-to-date with current knowledge. Professional medical associations such as the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) support these obligations. In Europe, the costs of continuing medical education (CME) are insufficiently supported from governments and employers; however, medical associations have been criticized for accepting alternative financial support from industry. Medical education and training in research include learning how to assess the quality and reliability of any information. There is some risk of bias in any form of scientific communication including intellectual, professional, and financial and it is essential that in particular, the latter must be acknowledged by full disclosure. It is essential that there is strong collaboration between basic and clinical researchers from academic institutions on the one hand, with engineers and scientists from the research divisions of device and pharmaceutical companies on the other. This is vital so that new diagnostic methods and treatments are developed. Promotion of advances by industry may accelerate their implementation into clinical practice. Universities now frequently exhort their academic staff to protect their intellectual property or commercialize their research. Thus, it is not commercial activity or links per se that have become the target for criticism but the perceived influence of commercial enterprises on clinical decision-making or on messages conveyed by professional medical organizations. This document offers the perspective of the ESC on the current debate, and it recommends how to minimize bias in scientific communications and CME and how to ensure proper ethical standards and transparency in relations between the medical profession and industry.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author ESC Board Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0001-5385 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22870754 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 52793  
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