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Author (up) Weigel, M.M.; Armijos, R.X.; Racines, M.; Cevallos, W. url  doi
  Title Food Insecurity Is Associated with Undernutrition but Not Overnutrition in Ecuadorian Women from Low-Income Urban Neighborhoods Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Journal of Environmental and Public Health Abbreviated Journal J Environ Public Health  
  Volume 2016 Issue Pages 8149459  
  Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Child; Ecuador/epidemiology; Female; Food Supply/*statistics & numerical data; Humans; Male; Malnutrition/*epidemiology/etiology; Middle Aged; *Nutritional Status; Overnutrition/*epidemiology/etiology; Poverty; Prevalence; Urban Population; Young Adult  
  Abstract Household food insecurity (HFI) is becoming an increasingly important issue in Latin America and other regions undergoing rapid urbanization and nutrition transition. The survey investigated the association of HFI with the nutritional status of 794 adult women living in households with children in low-income neighborhoods in Quito, Ecuador. Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, household food security status, and nutritional status indicators (dietary intake, anthropometry, and blood hemoglobin). Data were analyzed using multivariate methods. The findings identified revealed a high HFI prevalence (81%) among the urban households that was associated with lower per capita income and maternal education; long-term neighborhood residency appeared protective. HFI was associated with lower dietary quality and diversity and an increased likelihood of anemia and short stature but not increased high-calorie food intake or generalized or abdominal obesity. Although significant progress has been made in recent years, low dietary diversity, anemia, and growth stunting/short stature in the Ecuadorian maternal-child population continue to be major public health challenges. The study findings suggest that improving urban food security may help to improve these nutritional outcomes. They also underscore the need for food security policies and targeted interventions for urban households and systematic surveillance to assess their impact.  
  Address Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Central del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1687-9805 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:27110253 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 97270  
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