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Author (up) Furtado, F.M. de S.F.; Santos, J.A.G.; Loredanna, S.; Araujo, E.; Saldanha, A.A.W.; Silva, J. da url  doi
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  Title 30 years later: Social Representations about AIDS and sexual practices of rural towns residents Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P Abbreviated Journal Rev Esc Enferm USP  
  Volume 50 Spec Issue Pages 74-80  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In the 30 years of the AIDS pandemic in Brazil, it is recognized the HIV virus internalization of the phenomenon as a challenge to care and current health policies. In this sense, it aimed to verify sex practices and social representations that rural towns residents have about the disease. Attended by 789 people, men and women, between 18 and 90 years old, residents in 41 towns with fewer than 11,000 inhabitants in the state of Paraiba / Brazil. Data were collected by a questionnaire and the free association of words test. The results showed low concern about disease, perception of invulnerability to HIV infection and not using condoms during sexual intercourse, and confidence in the major reason related partner. Also showed endure derogatory and stereotypical representations, revealing that still persist in rural areas, beliefs and representations concerning the beginning of the epidemic. From these findings, it is possible to point out deficiencies in the care provided by the health services in these localities, which may result in increased vulnerability of this population to diseases, so there is the need to intensify information campaigns and intervention. The results reveal the existence of three different types of modes of learning health literacy skills in informal context: : i) learning that takes place in action, in achieving daily tasks; ii) learning processes that result from problem solving; iii) learning that occurs in an unplanned manner, resulting from accidental circumstances and, in some cases, devoid of intentionality. Nos 30 anos da pandemia da Aids no Brasil, reconhece-se o fenomeno da interiorizacao do virus HIV como um desafio ao cuidado e as politicas de saude atuais. Neste sentido, objetivou-se conhecer praticas sexuais e as representacoes sociais que residentes de cidades rurais tem acerca da doenca. Participaram 789 pessoas, homens e mulheres, entre 18 e 90 anos de idade, residentes em 41 cidades com menos de 11.000 habitantes no estado da Paraiba/Brasil. Os dados foram coletados por um meio de um questionario e o teste de associacao livre de palavras. Os resultados mostraram baixa preocupacao com doenca, percepcao de invulnerabilidade a contaminacao pelo HIV e o nao uso do preservativo nas relacoes sexuais, sendo a confianca no parceiro o principal motivo relacionado. Tambem mostraram perdurar representacoes de natureza pejorativa e estereotipada, revelando que ainda perduram, no meio rural, crencas e representacoes referentes ao inicio da epidemia. A partir de tais achados, e possivel apontar deficiencias em termos de cuidados oferecidos pelos servicos de saude nestas localidades, o que pode resultar em maiores vulnerabilidades dessa populacao ao adoecimento, havendo assim a necessidade da intensificacao de campanhas de informacao e intervencao.  
  Address Universidade Federal da Paraiba-UFPB, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0080-6234 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:27384279 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 97672  
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