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Author (up) Hodgson, K.A.; Huynh, J.; Ibrahim, L.F.; Sacks, B.; Golshevsky, D.; Layley, M.; Spagnolo, M.; Raymundo, C.-M.; Bryant, P.A. url  doi
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  Title The use, appropriateness and outcomes of outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy Type Observational Study
  Year 2016 Publication Archives of Disease in Childhood Abbreviated Journal Arch Dis Child  
  Volume 101 Issue 10 Pages 886-893  
  Keywords Adolescent; Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data; Anti-Infective Agents/*administration & dosage; Bacterial Infections/drug therapy; Candidiasis/drug therapy; Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects/statistics & numerical data; Catheterization, Peripheral/adverse effects/statistics & numerical data; Ceftriaxone/administration & dosage; Cellulitis/drug therapy; Child; Child, Preschool; Cystic Fibrosis/drug therapy; Female; Gentamicins/administration & dosage; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Infusions, Intravenous; Infusions, Parenteral; Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data; Male; Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data; Prescription Drugs/administration & dosage; Prospective Studies; Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data; Treatment Outcome; Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy; Young Adult; *Infectious Diseases; *antibiotics; *home; *outpatient; *parenteral  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) is increasingly used to treat children at home, but studies in children are scarce. We aimed to describe the use, appropriateness and outcomes of OPAT in children. DESIGN: This was a 12-month prospective observational study. SETTING: The hospital-in-the-home programme of The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne. PATIENTS: All patients receiving OPAT. INTERVENTIONS: Data were collected including demographics, diagnosis, type of venous access and antibiotic choice. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Length of stay, adverse events, readmission rate and appropriateness of antibiotic use. RESULTS: 228 patients received OPAT in 251 episodes. The median age was 7.4 years (range 1 week to 21 years), with 22 patients (10%) under 1 year. The most frequent diagnoses were exacerbation of cystic fibrosis (17%), urinary tract infection (12%) and cellulitis (9%). Most patients were transferred from the ward, but 18% were transferred directly from the emergency department, the majority with skin and soft-tissue infection (66%). Venous access was most commonly peripherally inserted central catheter (29%) and peripheral cannula (29%). 309 parenteral antibiotics were prescribed, most frequently ceftriaxone (28%) and gentamicin (19%). The majority of antibiotics (72%) were prescribed appropriately. However, 6% were deemed an inappropriate choice for the indication and 26% had inappropriate dose or duration. The incidence of central line-associated bloodstream infections was 0.9%. The unplanned readmission rate was 4%, with low rates of OPAT-related adverse events. Three children (1%) had an inadequate clinical response. CONCLUSIONS: OPAT is a safe and effective way of providing antibiotics to children. Despite high rates of appropriate antibiotic use, improvements can still be made.  
  Address RCH@Home Department, The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of General Medicine, The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia Clinical Paediatrics Group, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0003-9888 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:27166221 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 99952  
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