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Author Mälkki, P.; Tamsalu, R.
Title Physical features of the Baltic Sea Type Book Whole
Year 1985 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Baltic Sea; Bottom Topography; Climate; Salinity; Temperature; Ice; Ice Extent / Cover
Abstract
Address
Corporate Author Thesis (up)
Publisher Finnish Institute of Marine Research Place of Publication Helsinki Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Finnish Marine Research Abbreviated Series Title Finnish Mar Res
Series Volume 252 Series Issue Edition
ISSN ISBN 951-46-8594-6 Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes authors report that ice coverage lasts for 2 to 6 months (mean: 3 months) on the SW coast of Finland Approved no
Call Number refbase @ admin @ Maelkki+Tamsalu1985 Serial 24
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Author Steffens, M.; Granskog, M.A.; Kaartokallio, H.; Kuosa, H.; Luodekari, K.; Papadimitriou, S.; Thomas, D.N.
Title Spatial variation of biogeochemical properties of landfast sea ice in the Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Sea Type Conference Article
Year 2006 Publication Annals of Glaciology Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 80-87
Keywords Sea ice; Fast ice; Sea ice properties; Ice algae; Chlorophyll; Biogeochemistry; Nutrients (mineral); Particulate organic matter; Dissolved organic matter; Salinity; Spatial scale; Spatial variability; Horizontal patchiness; Sampling design; Brackish water; Ane; Baltic Sea; Gulf of Bothnia
Abstract Horizontal variation of landfast sea-ice properties was studied in the Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Sea, during March 2004. In order to estimate their variability among and within different spatial levels, 72 ice cores were sampled on five spatial scales (with spacings of 10 cm, 2.5 m, 25 m, 250 m and 2.5 km) using a hierarchical sampling design. Entire cores were melted, and bulk-ice salinity, concentrations of chlorophyll a (Chl a), phaeophytin (Phaeo), dissolved nitrate plus nitrite (DIN) as well as dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and nitrogen (DON) were determined. All sampling sites were covered by a 5.5-23 cm thick layer of snow. Ice thicknesses of cores varied from 26 to 58 cm, with bulk-ice salinities ranging between 0.2 and 0.7 as is typical for Baltic Sea ice. Observed values for Chl a (range: 0.8-6.0 μg Chl a l-¹; median: 2.9 μg Chl a l -¹) and DOC (range: 37-397 μM; median: 95 μM) were comparable to values reported by previous sea-ice studies from the Baltic Sea. Analysis of variance among different spatial levels revealed significant differences on the 2.5 km scale for ice thickness, DOC and Phaeo (with the latter two being positively correlated with ice thickness). For salinity and Chl a, the 250 m scale was found to be the largest scale where significant differences could be detected, while snow depth only varied significantly on the 25 m scale. Variability on the 2.5 m scale contributed significantly to the total variation for ice thickness, salinity, Chl a and DIN. In the case of DON, none of the investigated levels exhibited variation that was significantly different from the considerable amount of variation found between replicate cores. Results from a principal component analysis suggest that ice thickness is one of the main elements structuring the investigated ice habitat on a large scale, while snow depth, nutrients and salinity seem to be of secondary importance.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis (up)
Publisher International Glaciological Society Place of Publication Cambridge Editor International Symposium on Sea Ice, D.(N.Z.), 5-9 Dec 2005,
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title Ann Glaciol
Series Volume 44 Series Issue 1 Edition
ISSN 0260-3055 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference insert.Annals of Glaciology
Notes Approved no
Call Number refbase @ admin @ Steffens_etal2006 Serial 25
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Author Oorschot, M.; Lataster, T.; Thewissen, V.; Wichers, M.; Myin-Germeys, I.
Title Mobile Assessment in Schizophrenia: A Data-Driven Momentary Approach Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Schizophrenia Bulletin Abbreviated Journal Schizophr Bull
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords
Abstract In this article, a data-driven approach was adopted to demonstrate how real-life diary techniques [ie, the experience sampling method (ESM)] could be deployed for assessment purposes in patients with psychotic disorder, delivering individualized and clinically relevant information. The dataset included patients in an acute phase of psychosis and the focus was on paranoia as one of the main psychotic symptoms (30 patients with high levels of paranoia and 34 with low levels of paranoia). Based on individual cases, it was demonstrated how (1) symptom and mood patterns, (2) patterns of social interactions or activities, (3) contextual risk profiles (eg, is being among strangers, as opposed to family, associated with higher paranoia severity?), and (4) temporal dynamics between mood states and paranoia (eg, does anxiety precipitate or follow the onset of increased paranoia severity?) substantially differ within individual patients and across the high vs low paranoid patient group. Most striking, it was shown that individual findings are different from what is found on overall group levels. Some people stay anxious after a paranoid thought came to mind. For others, paranoia is followed by a state of relaxation. It is discussed how ESM, surfacing the patient's implicit knowledge about symptom patterns, may provide an excellent starting point for person-tailored psychoeducation and for choosing the most applicable therapeutic intervention.
Address 1Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Corporate Author Thesis (up)
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0586-7614 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:22130904 Approved no
Call Number refbase @ admin @ Serial 27
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Author Hargrove, J.L.
Title New concepts in the law of the sea Type Journal Article
Year 1973 Publication Ocean Development & International Law Abbreviated Journal Ocean Development & International Law
Volume 1 Issue 1 Pages 5-12
Keywords law of the sea
Abstract Current ocean law negotiations reflect conflicts between two old and competing approaches: the view that the coastal state should control activities in any large adjacent ocean area, and the view that most of the ocean should be left open to the free use of all nations. Both approaches are laissez‐faire, leave the distribution of benefits to arbitrary factors, and are based on national exclusivity. In the negotiations this conflict is exhibited in competing claims regarding navigation, mineral resources, fishing, environmental protection, and strategic uses. A possible resolution has emerged in the concept of the whole ocean as a common resource of humankind, according to which no individual state has a right to benefit from the ocean except pursuant to arrangements sanctioned by the community, and rights to benefit are determined not arbitrarily but by membership in the community. The regime now likeliest to be produced by such an approach includes (1) a narrow territorial sea and various navigation guarantees, (2) a wide coastal band coupling coastal state managerial functions with permanent international prerogatives, and (3) purely international manage‐ment of the deep seabed.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis (up)
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0090-8320 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 28
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Author Hargrove, J.L.
Title New concepts in the law of the sea Type Journal Article
Year 1973 Publication Ocean Development & International Law Abbreviated Journal Ocean Development & International Law
Volume 1 Issue 1 Pages 5-12
Keywords law of the sea
Abstract Current ocean law negotiations reflect conflicts between two old and competing approaches: the view that the coastal state should control activities in any large adjacent ocean area, and the view that most of the ocean should be left open to the free use of all nations. Both approaches are laissez‐faire, leave the distribution of benefits to arbitrary factors, and are based on national exclusivity. In the negotiations this conflict is exhibited in competing claims regarding navigation, mineral resources, fishing, environmental protection, and strategic uses. A possible resolution has emerged in the concept of the whole ocean as a common resource of humankind, according to which no individual state has a right to benefit from the ocean except pursuant to arrangements sanctioned by the community, and rights to benefit are determined not arbitrarily but by membership in the community. The regime now likeliest to be produced by such an approach includes (1) a narrow territorial sea and various navigation guarantees, (2) a wide coastal band coupling coastal state managerial functions with permanent international prerogatives, and (3) purely international manage‐ment of the deep seabed.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis (up)
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0090-8320 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 29
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