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Author Haverkamp, F.; Kramer, A.; Fahnenstich, H.; Zerres, K.
Title (down) [X-chromosomal recessive hydrocephalus internus: a separate disease picture? 2 further case reports and review of the literature] Type Journal Article
Year 1996 Publication Klinische Padiatrie Abbreviated Journal Klin Padiatr
Volume 208 Issue 3 Pages 93-96
Keywords Abnormalities, Multiple/diagnosis/*genetics; Cerebral Aqueduct/abnormalities; Cerebral Palsy/diagnosis/genetics; Child, Preschool; Echoencephalography; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Genes, Recessive/*genetics; Genetic Linkage/*genetics; Humans; Hydrocephalus/diagnosis/*genetics/surgery; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Male; Neurologic Examination; Pregnancy; Sex Chromosome Aberrations/*genetics; Ultrasonography, Prenatal; Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt; *X Chromosome
Abstract Two patients with X-chromosomal hydrocephalus internus (aqueduct stenosis, clasped thumbs, mental retardation and spasticity) habe been described. In both cases the family history revealed further affected relatives. The intra- and interfamilial variability of this rare X-chromosomal recessive disease will be demonstrated. In this context differentialdiagnoses like X-linked MASA syndrome and X-linked spastic paraplegia have been discussed on the basis of a variable expressivity of different mutations in the same gene.
Address Zentrum fur Kinderheilkunde, Universitat Bonn
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language German Summary Language Original Title X-chromosomaler rezessiver Hydrocephalus internus: Ein eigenstandiges Krankheitsbild? 2 weitere Fallberichte und Literaturubersicht
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0300-8630 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:8676603 Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 48042
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Author Gafarov, V.V.; Panov, D.O.; Gromova, E.A.; Gagulin, I.V.; Gafarova, A.V.
Title (down) [Workplace stress and its impact on the 16-year risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in an open female population aged 25-64 years in Russia/Siberia (WHO MONICA-psychosocial program)] Type Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication Terapevticheskii Arkhiv Abbreviated Journal Ter Arkh
Volume 87 Issue 3 Pages 71-76
Keywords Adult; Female; Humans; Middle Aged; Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology/*etiology/psychology; Occupational Diseases/epidemiology/*etiology/psychology; Prevalence; Psychology; Public Health Surveillance; Risk; Russia/epidemiology; Siberia/epidemiology; Stress, Psychological/*complications/epidemiology/psychology; Stroke/epidemiology/*etiology/psychology; Time Factors; Workplace/*psychology/standards; World Health Organization
Abstract AIM: To determine the impact of workplace stress on the hazard ratio (HR) of myocardial infarction (M) and stroke in an open female population aged 25-64 years in Russia/Siberia (Novosibirsk) for 16 years. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A random representative sample of 25-64-year-old women (n=870) residing in a Novosibirsk district was surveyed within the framework of the WHO <<MONICA-psychological>> program. Workplace stress was investigated using the Karasek scale; an attitude towards work and health prophylactic examinations was studied applying the Health Awareness and Attitude questionnaire of the WHO <<MONICA-psychological>> program. For 16 years (1994 to 2010), a cohort of all new cases of MI and stroke was examined employing the WHO <<Acute MI Registry>> program and all possible medical records. The Cox regression model was used to determine HR for MI and stroke in the open female population aged 25-64 years for 16 years. RESULTS: The prevalence of high-level stress in the open female population aged 25-64 years was 31.6%. The high level of job stress was associated with a high responsibility, impossibility to have a rest at the end of a working day, frequent professional dissatisfaction, and a reduced work capacity. During 16 years, the women having high-level job stress showed a 3.22- and 1.96-fold increases in the HR of MI (p<0.05) and stroke (p<0.05), respectively. The incidence of MI and stroke was higher in married women expressing job stress as managers or manual laborers and having high and low educational attainment. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of high-level workplace stress was substantial in the open population of 25-64-year-old women in Russia/Siberia (Novosibirsk). The stress-related HR of Ml and stroke was 3-2 times higher than in those without high-level stress. The HR of MI and stroke is affected by a social gradient.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Russian Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0040-3660 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:26027244 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 90869
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Author Cannas, M.; Magnavita, G.; Magnavita, N.
Title (down) [Workers risky for others on the Web] Type Journal Article
Year 2007 Publication Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia Abbreviated Journal G Ital Med Lav Ergon
Volume 29 Issue 3 Suppl Pages 673-675
Keywords *Health Personnel; Humans; Internet; *Occupational Health; Risk Factors; *Safety Management
Abstract Hazardous workers (HWs) are they who, depending upon their pathologic conditions, ageing or addictive behaviour, may pose at risk the safety and health of their colleagues, customers, and other people. Physicians charged of the medical surveillance of workers (Competent Physicians, CPs) are called to assess fitting for work of HWs. The aim of this paper was to analyze the frequency of debate about HWs in the online forums of the Italian CPs' website. Results show that there is growing attention on the HWs issue. Different stakeholders are involved, and some ethic dilemma are posed. A systematic approach to the problem, and the formulation of guidelines for CPs, is highly desirable.
Address Specialista in Medicina del Lavoro, Fano. mcannas@hotmail.com
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Italian Summary Language Original Title Lavoratori rischiosi per gli altri sul Web
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1592-7830 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:18409899 Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 53084
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Author Alessio, L.
Title (down) [Work: disease and health. The role of occupational medicine] Type Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication La Medicina del Lavoro Abbreviated Journal Med Lav
Volume 101 Suppl 2 Issue Pages 11-27
Keywords Humans; Italy; *Occupational Diseases/epidemiology/prevention & control; Occupational Exposure; *Occupational Health/legislation & jurisprudence; *Occupational Medicine/legislation & jurisprudence/standards
Abstract To assess the role of Occupational Medicine in the promotion of workers'health over the last forty years, the author studied the evolution of this discipline from a clinical-diagnostic approach to the current emphasis on prevention. However, it is stressed that in Occupational Medicine even preventive measures are based on clinical methodology, as for example in health surveillance, where the main tasks are the identification of individual hyper-susceptibility and the assessment of early and reversible health effects due to occupational risks. Moreover, the traditional clinical-diagnostic approach is still of utmost importance. In fact, the classical occupational diseases do not present with the specific clinical features of the recent past. Instead, today it is necessary to evaluate whether occupational risk factors play a concomitant role in the origin of diseases that affect the general population. Moreover, new occupational diseases are emerging, due to the continuous changes in manufacturing processes and work organization. To assess the role that Occupational Medicine has played in the binomial expression “disease-health”, topics which particularly suit the Author's cultural background are considered and are used as “indicators” of the various scientific, cultural, social, economic, and legislative aspects that contribute to the professional development of Occupational Physicians. Important results have been achieved over the last 40 years, however Occupational Physicians face new problems that impose a continuous updating process, not only on medical topics but also on the development of technological processes. The laws and the recommendations of the most prestigious national and international organizations and the principles of the ICOH Code of Ethics should guide Occupational Physicians in their profession and their actions must imply full professional independence. They must acquire and maintain the necessary competence for their duties and adequate conditions to carry out their tasks according to good practice and professional ethics.
Address Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale ed Applicata, Sezione di Medicina del Lavoro e Igiene Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Brescia. medlav@med.unibs.it
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Italian Summary Language Original Title Lavoro: malattia e salute. Il ruolo della Medicina del Lavoro
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0025-7818 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:21298869 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 91245
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Author Barbieri, P.G.; Corulli, A.; Pezzotti, C.; Benvenuti, A.
Title (down) [Work-related carpal tunnel syndrome. Motivations and results of a surveillance system] Type Journal Article
Year 2009 Publication La Medicina del Lavoro Abbreviated Journal Med Lav
Volume 100 Issue 3 Pages 197-210
Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/*epidemiology; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Occupational Diseases/*epidemiology; Population Surveillance; Prevalence; Young Adult
Abstract BACKGROUND: Current statistics show that work-related carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) has been increasing constantly over the last ten years. Nevertheless, available data on the incidence of CTS in the general population and on the occupational proportion of the aetiology of this disease suggest considerable underreporting of work-related cases, which reflects on the number of cases reported to INAIL (National Insurance Institute for Industrial Accidents) and does not give an accurate epidemiological picture of their origin and distribution. For this reason, in the course of a prevention programme of upper limb disorders due to biomechanical overload, a second experiment concerning CTS surveillance system was carried out by collecting self-reported information via postal questionnaires. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of work-related cases in the selected group of the general population and to identify work tasks and factories with significant risk of CTS clusters. METHODS: From the hospital discharge lists of the Province of Brescia for 2001 and 2005, 1558 surgical cases were selected, aged 18-65 years, excluding housewives (nearly 25% of the total); thus 637 surgical cases were included in the study (68.6% female and 31.4% male). RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Obesity frequency was observed to be higher in the sample than in the general population. This was not the case for diabetes. The probability of surgical CTS cases attributable to occupational exposure was estimated by dividing the 637 cases into three exposure categories:probable, possible and improbable with results of respectively 44.4%, 36.6% and 19%; in the first category, the frequency among females was 78.8%. The CTS cases among females less than 40 years old was 40% in the probable exposure category versus 10% into the improbable exposure category. In the latter category, the prevalence of concomitant hand tendinitis was 11% versus 22% in the probable exposure category. Obese patients fell into the three occupational risk groups in the same proportion. Among the 283 STC cases considered as probable occupational exposure cases, only 11 were reported as required by law to the Occupational Health Service. Whereas a number of work tasks and work sectors with high risk factors were confirmed, there were relatively few factories with a possible presence of clusters, probably due to the small sample size compared to the general population and to the density of the factories potentially at risk. The epidemiological surveillance thus carried out provided more evidence confirming the serious underreporting of the work-related STC cases in a highly industrialised province and also provided useful information on the local situation regarding high-risk occupations, which need to be addressed via interventions of primary prevention should, possibly with greater involvement of the occupational physicians.
Address Servizio Prevenzione e Sicurezza Ambienti di Lavoro, ASL Brescia. pietro.barbieri@aslbrescia.it
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Italian Summary Language Original Title Sindrome del tunnel carpale da attivita lavorativa. Motivazioni e risultati di un sistema di sorveglianza
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0025-7818 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:19601404 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 91342
Permanent link to this record