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Author Wholley, M.C.
Title Twentieth Convocation, Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons Perth, Western Australia, March 2010. The Fourteenth Robert Harris Oration Type (up) Addresses
Year 2010 Publication Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons Abbreviated Journal Ann R Australas Coll Dent Surg
Volume 20 Issue Pages 20-25
Keywords Astronomy; Diffusion of Innovation; Humans; *Interdisciplinary Communication; *Science; Space Flight; Technology Transfer
Abstract
Address NASA General Counsel, Washington, DC 20546, USA
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0158-1570 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:22046730 Approved no
Call Number refbase @ admin @ Serial 16197
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Author Shonkoff, J.P.
Title Leveraging the biology of adversity to address the roots of disparities in health and development Type (up) Addresses
Year 2012 Publication Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Abbreviated Journal Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Volume 109 Suppl 2 Issue Pages 17302-17307
Keywords Child; *Child Development; Female; *Healthcare Disparities; Humans; Learning; Life Change Events; Male; Models, Biological; Parenting; Preventive Medicine; Public Policy; *Social Conditions; United States
Abstract Extensive evidence that personal experiences and environmental exposures are embedded biologically (for better or for worse) and the cumulative knowledge of more than four decades of intervention research provide a promising opportunity to mobilize evolving scientific insights to catalyze a new era of more effective early childhood policy and practice. Drawing on emerging hypotheses about causal mechanisms that link early adversity with lifelong impairments in learning, behavior, and health, this paper proposes an enhanced theory of change to promote better outcomes for vulnerable, young children by strengthening caregiver and community capacities to reduce or mitigate the impacts of toxic stress, rather than simply providing developmental enrichment for the children and parenting education for their mothers.
Address Center on Developing Child at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. jack_shonkoff@harvard.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0027-8424 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:23045654 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 70538
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Author Shonkoff, J.P.
Title Leveraging the biology of adversity to address the roots of disparities in health and development Type (up) Addresses
Year 2012 Publication Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Abbreviated Journal Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Volume 109 Suppl 2 Issue Pages 17302-17307
Keywords Child; *Child Development; Female; *Healthcare Disparities; Humans; Learning; Life Change Events; Male; Models, Biological; Parenting; Preventive Medicine; Public Policy; *Social Conditions; United States
Abstract Extensive evidence that personal experiences and environmental exposures are embedded biologically (for better or for worse) and the cumulative knowledge of more than four decades of intervention research provide a promising opportunity to mobilize evolving scientific insights to catalyze a new era of more effective early childhood policy and practice. Drawing on emerging hypotheses about causal mechanisms that link early adversity with lifelong impairments in learning, behavior, and health, this paper proposes an enhanced theory of change to promote better outcomes for vulnerable, young children by strengthening caregiver and community capacities to reduce or mitigate the impacts of toxic stress, rather than simply providing developmental enrichment for the children and parenting education for their mothers.
Address Center on Developing Child at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. jack_shonkoff@harvard.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0027-8424 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:23045654 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 70832
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Author Gawande, A.A.
Title Creating the educated surgeon in the 21st century Type (up) Addresses
Year 2001 Publication American Journal of Surgery Abbreviated Journal Am J Surg
Volume 181 Issue 6 Pages 551-556
Keywords General Surgery/*education; Humans; *Internship and Residency; Judgment; Leadership; Medical Laboratory Science; Patient Care Team/organization & administration
Abstract In this J. Roland Folse Invited Lecture in Surgical Education, given before the Association for Surgical Education, a resident considers two challenges for surgery and surgical training: the increasing importance of less invasive technologies, and the growing awareness of the importance of “systems” in care. As less invasive technologies evolve, the role of surgeons is being fundamentally challenged. Two alternative models of adaptation to technological change exist: the breast surgery model, in which surgeons restrict their role to providing open operative interventions, versus the neurosurgery model, in which surgeons adopt even noninvasive technologies in order to continue to manage diseases that might need open intervention. The neurosurgery model appears preferable but poses difficulties for the existing structure of surgical training. Evidence that surgical outcomes are critically dependent on entire teams of personnel, and not merely individual surgeons, may require changes in surgical training, as well.
Address Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston MA 02115, USA. agawande@partners.org
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0002-9610 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:11513784 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 95756
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Author Cuny, P.; Cravo-Laureau, C.; Grossi, V.; Gilbert, F.; Militon, C.
Title Biodegradation of Hydrocarbons in Bioturbated Marine Sediments Type (up) B
Year 2011 Publication Microbial Bioremediation Of Non-Metals: Current Research Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 55-92
Keywords
Abstract Sediments can serve as sinks for hydrocarbon contaminants in marine ecosystems. Once settled, hydrocarbons fate will be dominated by several abiotic and biotic processes that will result in either their partial or total degradation or in a selective preservation when buried within the sediment. Biodegradation of hydrocarbons in marine sediments is mainly due to the existence of prokaryotes harbouring specific catabolic genes enabling the degradation of these compounds under oxic, suboxic and anoxic conditions. The interplay of the various factors that govern hydrocarbons biodegradation in marine sediments is highly complex as illustrated by bioturbation processes carried out by macrofaunal organisms. For instance, the redox oscillation regimes generated by macrofaunal organisms, and the efficiency of metabolic coupling between functional groups associated to these specific redox regimes, are probably determinant factors controlling the biodegradation rates of hydrocarbons in marine sediments. From the understanding of how these natural occurring factors may modulate the rates of hydrocarbons biodegradation, innovative bioremediation strategies may emerge.
Address [Cuny, Philippe; Militon, Cecile] Univ Aix Marseille 2, LMGEM, CNRS, UMR 6117,Ctr Oceanol Marseille, Marseille, France, Email: philippe.cuny@univmed.fr
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Caister Academic Press Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000292009500004 Approved no
Call Number refbase @ admin @ Serial 1265
Permanent link to this record