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Author Gou, Y.-Y.; Lin, S.; Que, D.E.; Tayo, L.L.; Lin, D.-Y.; Chen, K.-C.; Chen, F.-A.; Chiang, P.-C.; Wang, G.-S.; Hsu, Y.-C.; Chuang, K.P.; Chuang, C.-Y.; Tsou, T.-C.; Chao, H.-R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Estrogenic effects in the influents and effluents of the drinking water treatment plants Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Environmental Science and Pollution Research International Abbreviated Journal Environ Sci Pollut Res Int  
  Volume Issue Pages (up)  
  Keywords Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP); Dibutyl phthalate (DBP); Drinking water; E-Screen; Estrogenic activity; T47D-KBluc assay  
  Abstract Estrogen-like endocrine disrupting compounds (EEDC) such as bisphenol A, nonylphenol, and phthalic acid esters are toxic compounds that may occur in both raw- and drinking water. The aim of this study was to combine chemical- and bioassay to evaluate the risk of EEDCs in the drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs). Fifty-six samples were collected from seven DWTPs located in northern-, central-, and southern Taiwan from 2011 to 2012 and subjected to chemical analyses and two bioassay methods for total estrogenic activity (E-Screen and T47D-KBluc assay). Among of the considered EEDCs, only dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) were detected in both drinking and raw water samples. DBP levels in drinking water ranged from <MDL to 0.840 mug/L and from <MDL to 0.760 mug/L in raw water. DEHP had higher detection rate (82.1 %) than other compounds and was present in both drinking water and raw water from all the DWTPs. The highest daily drinking water intake calculated for male and female were 0.0823 and 0.115 mug/kg per day. The two selected bioassays were conducted for the first batch of 56 samples and a detection rate of 23 % for estradiol equivalent (EEQ) lower than the LOQ to 1.3 and 15 % for EEQ lower than LOQ to 0.757 for the second 53 samples. Our results showed a good correlation between E-screen and chemical assay which indicates that a combination of both can be used in detecting EEDCs in environmental samples.  
  Address Emerging Compounds Research Center, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Neipu, Pingtung County, 912, Taiwan. hrchao@mail.npust.edu.tw  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0944-1344 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26791027 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 90796  
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Author Benach, J.; Vives, A.; Tarafa, G.; Delclos, C.; Muntaner, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title What should we know about precarious employment and health in 2025? framing the agenda for the next decade of research Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication International Journal of Epidemiology Abbreviated Journal Int J Epidemiol  
  Volume Issue Pages (up)  
  Keywords Precarious employment; employment conditions; health inequalities; occupational health; social determinants of health; social epidemiology; working conditions  
  Abstract The generalization of flexible labour markets, the declining influence of unions and the degradation of social protection has led to the emergence of new forms of employment at the expense of the Standard Employment Relationship, as well as a considerable amount of research across social and scientific disciplines. Years ago we suggested the urgent need to disentangle the consequences of new types of employment for the health and well-being of workers, contending that the study of precarious employment and health is in its infancy. Today, research challenges include clearer, more precise definitions of the original concepts, a more detailed understanding of the pathways and mechanisms through which precarious employment harms worker health, stronger information systems for monitoring the problem and a complex systems approach to employment conditions and health research. All of these must be guided by the theoretical and policy debates linking precarious employment and health, and be geared towards developing better tools for the design, implementation and evaluation of policies intended to minimize precariousness in the labour market and its effects on public health and health inequalities. Our aim in this paper is to outline an agenda for the next decade of research on precarious employment and health, establishing a compelling programme that expands our understanding of complex causes and links.  
  Address Health Inequalities Research Group, Employment Conditions Network (GREDS-EMCONET), Department of Political and Social Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain, Johns Hopkins University-Pompeu Fabra University Public Policy Center, Barcelona, Spain, Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0300-5771 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26744486 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 90801  
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Author Fouquet, N.; Descatha, A.; Ha, C.; Petit, A.; Roquelaure, Y. url  doi
openurl 
  Title An epidemiological surveillance network of lumbar disc surgery to help prevention of and compensation for low back pain Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication European Journal of Public Health Abbreviated Journal Eur J Public Health  
  Volume Issue Pages (up)  
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  Abstract BACKGROUND: In the context of the establishment of a new surveillance system, the aim was to assess the proportion of cases of lumbar disc surgery (LDS) attributable to work according to occupation category and industry sector. METHODS: The sociodemographic and socioeconomic data of 3150 inpatients living in a French region discharged in 2007-2008 from spine centers of the region following LDS were compared with those of the regional population. Occupational history was gathered using a mailed questionnaire. The attributable fraction of risk for exposed individuals (AFE) and population attributable fraction of risk (PAF) were calculated in relation to occupations and industries. RESULTS: Three occupational subcategories presented an AFE >50% for men (police and armed forces, unskilled agricultural and skilled craft blue-collar workers). There were eight subcategories for women, including material handlers and related equipment workers, and skilled industrial and unskilled agricultural blue-collar workers. The PAF for men was highest for construction and for women it was highest for wholesale and retail trades. CONCLUSION: The AFE and PAF are valuable for public policy. Although PAF could be used to help public health policy makers to implement preventive measures, the AFE could assist expert tribunals who take decisions about compensation for occupational diseases.  
  Address 2 LUNAM University, University of Angers, Laboratory of Ergonomics and Epidemiology in Occupational Health (LEEST), Angers, France 6 CHU Angers, Angers, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1101-1262 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26733628 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 90804  
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Author Sarazin, P.; Burstyn, I.; Kincl, L.; Lavoue, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Trends in OSHA Compliance Monitoring Data 1979-2011: Statistical Modeling of Ancillary Information across 77 Chemicals Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication The Annals of Occupational Hygiene Abbreviated Journal Ann Occup Hyg  
  Volume Issue Pages (up)  
  Keywords Imis; mixed-effect models; multimodel inference; occupational exposure; statistical exposure model  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: The Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) is the largest multi-industry source of exposure measurements available in North America. However, many have suspected that the criteria through which worksites are selected for inspection are related to exposure levels. We investigated associations between exposure levels and ancillary variables in IMIS in order to understand the predictors of high exposure within an enforcement context. METHODS: We analyzed the association between nine variables (reason for inspection, establishment size, total amount of penalty, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) plan, OSHA region, union status, inspection scope, year, and industry) and exposure levels in IMIS using multimodel inference for 77 agents. For each agent, we used two different types of models: (i) logistic models were used for the odds ratio (OR) of exposure being above the threshold limit value (TLV) and (ii) linear models were used for exposure concentrations restricted to detected results to estimate percent increase in exposure level, i.e. relative index of exposure (RIE). Meta-analytic methods were used to combine results for each variable across agents. RESULTS: A total of 511 047 exposure measurements were modeled for logistic models and 299 791 for linear models. Higher exposures were measured during follow-up inspections than planned inspections [meta-OR = 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.44-1.81; meta-RIE = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.03-1.09]. Lower exposures were observed for measurements collected under state OSHA plans compared to measurements collected under federal OSHA (meta-OR = 0.82, 95% CI: 0.73-0.92; meta-RIE = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.81-0.91). A 'high' total historical amount of penalty relative to none was associated with higher exposures (meta-OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.40-1.71; meta-RIE = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.13-1.23). CONCLUSIONS: The relationships observed between exposure levels and ancillary variables across a vast majority of agents suggest that certain elements of OSHA's process of selecting worksites for inspection influence the exposure levels that OSHA inspectors encounter. Nonetheless, given the paucity of other sources of exposure data and the lack of a more demonstrably representative data source, our study considers the use of IMIS data for the estimation of exposures in the broader universe of worksites in the USA.  
  Address 2.Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; 5.Risks, Prevention, and Health Promotion, University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre, Montreal, Quebec H3A 3C2, Canada  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0003-4878 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26732821 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 90805  
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Author Reissig, E.C.; More, G.; Massone, A.; Uzal, F.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Sarcocystosis in wild red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Patagonia, Argentina Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Parasitology Research Abbreviated Journal Parasitol Res  
  Volume Issue Pages (up)  
  Keywords Argentinean nonnative ungulate; Red deer; Sarcocystis taeniata; Sequencing; Tem  
  Abstract Sarcocystis spp. are protozoan parasites with a heteroxenous life cycle, which produce cysts in the muscle of herbivorous animals. In these animal species, sarcocystosis is frequently asymptomatic, although it may occur with high prevalence. Seven Sarcocystis spp. have been described in red deer (Cervus elephus). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sarcocystosis, and to perform the morphological and molecular characterization of Sarcocystis spp. found in wild red deer of the Nahuel Huapi National Park (NHNP), Patagonia, Argentina. Full necropsies of 62 red deer killed by hunters in the NHNP and neighboring areas were performed. Samples of heart and skeletal muscle were examined histologically and selected samples were also examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), PCR and sequencing. Sarcocystis spp. thin walled cysts were detected in 62 % (38/62) of heart, and in 22 % (3/14) of skeletal muscle samples examined histologically. TEM revealed a smooth and thin cyst wall (</=1 mum), with scarce and separated ribbon-like protrusions. A total of three partial and one full 18S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequences were obtained, and showed the highest identity (>/=99 %) with Sarcocystis taeniata, a species described in moose (Alces alces). The morphological and molecular results indicate that red deer in Argentina are frequently infected with S. taeniata, a species for which the definitive host is unknown. The present results also confirm that Sarcocystis spp. using cervids as intermediate host are not host-specific. Further studies are needed to improve the epidemiological knowledge of Sarcocystosis in red deer.  
  Address California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory System, San Bernardino Branch, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, 105 W Central Ave, San Bernardino, CA, 92408, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0932-0113 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26779923 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 92322  
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