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Author Monge-Rojas, R.; Fuster-Baraona, T.; Garita-Arce, C.; Sanchez-Lopez, M.; Colon-Ramos, U.; Smith-Castro, V. url  doi
openurl 
  Title How Self-Objectification Impacts Physical Activity Among Adolescent Girls in Costa Rica Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Physical Activity & Health Abbreviated Journal J Phys Act Health  
  Volume 14 Issue 2 Pages (up) 123-129  
  Keywords Adolescent; *Adolescent Behavior; Body Image/*psychology; Costa Rica; Cultural Characteristics; *Exercise; Female; Focus Groups; Humans; Male; Women's Health; Latin America; female identity; machismo; sexual harassment  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: In Latin America, more than 80% of adolescent girls are physically inactive. Inactivity may be reinforced by female stereotypes and objectification in the Latin American sociocultural context. METHODS: We examined the influence of objectification on the adoption of an active lifestyle among 192 adolescents (14 and 17 years old) from urban and rural areas in Costa Rica. Analyses of 48 focus-groups sessions were grounded in Objectification Theory. RESULTS: Vigorous exercises were gender-typed as masculine while girls had to maintain an aesthetic appearance at all times. Adolescents described how girls were anxious around the prospect of being shamed and sexually objectified during exercises. This contributed to a decrease in girls' desire to engage in physical activities. Among males, there is also a budding tolerance of female participation in vigorous sports, as long as girls maintained a feminine stereotype outside their participation. CONCLUSION: Self-objectification influenced Costa Rican adolescent girls' decisions to participate in physical activities. Interventions may include: procuring safe environments for physical activity where girls are protected from fear of ridicule and objectification; sensitizing boys about girl objectification and fostering the adoption of a modern positive masculine and female identities to encourage girls' participation in sports.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1543-3080 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:27775480 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98041  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fuster, M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title “We like Fried Things”: Negotiating Health and Taste among Hispanic Caribbean Communities in New York City Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Ecology of Food and Nutrition Abbreviated Journal Ecol Food Nutr  
  Volume 56 Issue 2 Pages (up) 124-138  
  Keywords Adult; *Cooking; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Female; *Food Analysis; *Food Preferences; Hispanic Americans; Humans; Male; New York City; Puerto Rico; Taste; Young Adult; Emigration and immigration; Hispanic Americans; New York City; qualitative research  
  Abstract The study was conducted to understand fried-food (FF) consumption among Hispanic Caribbean (HC) communities in New York City. Data were collected through qualitative interviews with 23 adults self-identified as Cuban, Dominican, or Puerto Rican. Most informants considered FFs an important part of their traditional diet. Potential explanations included taste, cost, convenience, and the emotive values attached to FF. FF consumption was contextualized in local foodscapes. Results include strategies to diminish FF consumption and differences across HC groups and migratory generations. The relevance for future nutrition interventions addressing health disparities in this community is discussed.  
  Address a Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences , City University of New York-Brooklyn College , Brooklyn , New York , USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0367-0244 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28059558 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98032  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fogel, O.; Richard-Miceli, C.; Tost, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Epigenetic Changes in Chronic Inflammatory Diseases Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology Abbreviated Journal Adv Protein Chem Struct Biol  
  Volume 106 Issue Pages (up) 139-189  
  Keywords Behcet's disease; Crohn's disease; DNA methylation; Ewas; Epigenetics; Histone modifications; Inflammatory bowel disease; Psoriasis; Spondyloarthritis; Ulcerative colitis  
  Abstract The number of people diagnosed with chronic inflammatory diseases has increased noteworthy in the last 40 years. Spondyloarthritis (SpA), inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and psoriasis are the most frequent chronic inflammatory diseases, resulting from a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Epigenetic modifications include DNA methylation, histone modifications, and small and long noncoding RNAs. They are influenced by environmental exposure, life-style, and aging and have recently been shown to be altered in many complex diseases including inflammatory diseases. While epigenetic modifications have been well characterized in other diseases such as cancer and autoimmune diseases, knowledge on changes in inflammatory diseases is lagging behind with some disease-specific differences. While the DNA methylation profile of different cell types in patients with IBD has been relatively well described, less is known on changes implicated in psoriasis, and no systematic genome-wide studies have so far been performed in SpA. In this chapter, we review in detail the reported changes in patterns of DNA methylation and posttranslational histone modifications in chronic inflammatory diseases highlighting potential connections between disease-associated pathophysiological changes such as the dysbiosis of the microbiome or genetic variations associated with disease susceptibility and the epigenome. We also discuss important parameters of meaningful epigenetic studies such as the use of well defined, disease-relevant cell populations, and elude on the potential future of engineering of the epigenome in inflammatory diseases.  
  Address Laboratory for Epigenetics and Environment, Centre National de Genotypage, CEA-Institut de Genomique, Evry, France. Electronic address: tost@cng.fr  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1876-1623 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28057210 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 96374  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Das, B.C.; Khan, A.S.; Elahi, N.E.; Uddin, M.S.; Debnath, B.C.; Khan, Z.R. url  openurl
  Title Morbidity and Mortality after Pancreatoduodenectomy: A Five Year Experience in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Mymensingh Medical Journal : MMJ Abbreviated Journal Mymensingh Med J  
  Volume 26 Issue 1 Pages (up) 145-153  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Mortality and morbidity was assessed after adoption of a systematic care for patient with pancreatoduodenectomy starting from patient selection and preparation, operative technique, and postoperative care. In this prospective study seventy patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy for periampullary carcinoma with curative intent between January 2010 and December 2014 were carefully analyzed prospectively. Patients were selected those who had ampullary carcinoma, lower bile duct carcinoma and small size carcinoma head of pancreas without local invasion and distant metastasis, and the patient who did not have any major disabling comorbid diseases. All patients were assessed uniformly before surgery and deficiency were corrected up to normal level before operation. Pancreatoduodenectomy and standard lymphadenectomy was performed meticulously with minimum blood loss. The pancreatojejunal reconstruction was performed using duct-to-mucosa method mostly. A nasojejunal feeding tube was placed in most patients for starting postoperative early oral feeding. Broad spectrum antibiotics and the epidural analgesia were mostly prescribed for good control infection and pain. Proper nutrition was maintained in calculative way through central venous line and nasojejunal feeding tube in the early postoperative period. General care, early mobilization and chest physiotherapy were given routinely in each patient. Seventy-seven percent (n=54) patients did not have any postoperative complications and they were discharged from hospital within 12-14 postoperative days. The morbidity occurred in 16 patients (23%) and most common complication was wound infection (18%, n=9). The rest complications were pancreatojejunal anastomotic leakage – 2, hepaticojejunal anastomosis leakage – 1, melaena – 1, intra-abdominal abscess – 1, intra-abdominal hemorrhage – 1, and renal dysfunction – 1. The mortality rate was 5.7% (n=4), causes of death were massive myocardial infarction; 1, failure of reversal from anesthesia; 1, massive intraabdominal bleeding; 1 and CV catheter related severe sepsis; 1. Review of recent published literature revealed that mortality and morbidity our series is better than low volume center and almost similar with high volume center of pancreatoduodenectomy surgery. Our systematic management policy of careful patient selection, planned approach in the form of proper work up, meticulous conduction of the procedure, appropriate postoperative care provides an acceptable morbidity and mortality after pancreatoduodenectomy.  
  Address Dr Bidhan C Das, Associate Professor, Division of Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail: dbidhan@yahoo.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1022-4742 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28260769 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98727  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Das, B.C.; Khan, A.S.; Elahi, N.E.; Uddin, M.S.; Debnath, B.C.; Khan, Z.R. url  openurl
  Title Morbidity and Mortality after Pancreatoduodenectomy: A Five Year Experience in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Mymensingh Medical Journal : MMJ Abbreviated Journal Mymensingh Med J  
  Volume 26 Issue 1 Pages (up) 145-153  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Mortality and morbidity was assessed after adoption of a systematic care for patient with pancreatoduodenectomy starting from patient selection and preparation, operative technique, and postoperative care. In this prospective study seventy patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy for periampullary carcinoma with curative intent between January 2010 and December 2014 were carefully analyzed prospectively. Patients were selected those who had ampullary carcinoma, lower bile duct carcinoma and small size carcinoma head of pancreas without local invasion and distant metastasis, and the patient who did not have any major disabling comorbid diseases. All patients were assessed uniformly before surgery and deficiency were corrected up to normal level before operation. Pancreatoduodenectomy and standard lymphadenectomy was performed meticulously with minimum blood loss. The pancreatojejunal reconstruction was performed using duct-to-mucosa method mostly. A nasojejunal feeding tube was placed in most patients for starting postoperative early oral feeding. Broad spectrum antibiotics and the epidural analgesia were mostly prescribed for good control infection and pain. Proper nutrition was maintained in calculative way through central venous line and nasojejunal feeding tube in the early postoperative period. General care, early mobilization and chest physiotherapy were given routinely in each patient. Seventy-seven percent (n=54) patients did not have any postoperative complications and they were discharged from hospital within 12-14 postoperative days. The morbidity occurred in 16 patients (23%) and most common complication was wound infection (18%, n=9). The rest complications were pancreatojejunal anastomotic leakage – 2, hepaticojejunal anastomosis leakage – 1, melaena – 1, intra-abdominal abscess – 1, intra-abdominal hemorrhage – 1, and renal dysfunction – 1. The mortality rate was 5.7% (n=4), causes of death were massive myocardial infarction; 1, failure of reversal from anesthesia; 1, massive intraabdominal bleeding; 1 and CV catheter related severe sepsis; 1. Review of recent published literature revealed that mortality and morbidity our series is better than low volume center and almost similar with high volume center of pancreatoduodenectomy surgery. Our systematic management policy of careful patient selection, planned approach in the form of proper work up, meticulous conduction of the procedure, appropriate postoperative care provides an acceptable morbidity and mortality after pancreatoduodenectomy.  
  Address Dr Bidhan C Das, Associate Professor, Division of Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail: dbidhan@yahoo.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1022-4742 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28260769 Approved no  
  Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 99757  
Permanent link to this record
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