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Author Labriola, L.; Pochet, J.-M.
Title Any use for alternative lock solutions in the prevention of catheter-related blood stream infections? Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication The Journal of Vascular Access Abbreviated Journal J Vasc Access
Volume 18 Issue (down) Suppl. 1 Pages 34-38
Keywords Anti-Infective Agents/adverse effects/*therapeutic use; Anticoagulants/therapeutic use; Bacteremia/diagnosis/microbiology/*prevention & control; Biofilms; Catheter-Related Infections/diagnosis/microbiology/*prevention & control; Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects/*instrumentation; *Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects/microbiology; *Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects/microbiology; Equipment Design; Humans; *Renal Dialysis; Risk Factors; Treatment Outcome
Abstract The prevention of catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients remains a challenge because of high morbidity and mortality associated to CRBSI. Alternative locking solutions (ALS) containing an antithrombotic substance with additional antimicrobial or antibiofilm properties (citrate, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid [EDTA], 70% ethanol, thrombolytics) with or without the addition of molecules with specific antimicrobial activity (antibiotics, taurolidine, paraben-methylene-blue) has been proposed with the aim to prevent or eradicate intraluminal biofilm colonization and subsequent CRBSI. In this review, we examine the available evidence concerning their efficacy and potential side effects, in order to determine whether ALS should be implemented widely or only in selected cases.
Address Department of Nephrology, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels – Belgium
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1129-7298 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28297055 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 99036
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Labriola, L.; Pochet, J.-M.
Title Any use for alternative lock solutions in the prevention of catheter-related blood stream infections? Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication The Journal of Vascular Access Abbreviated Journal J Vasc Access
Volume 18 Issue (down) Suppl. 1 Pages 34-38
Keywords Anti-Infective Agents/adverse effects/*therapeutic use; Anticoagulants/therapeutic use; Bacteremia/diagnosis/microbiology/*prevention & control; Biofilms; Catheter-Related Infections/diagnosis/microbiology/*prevention & control; Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects/*instrumentation; *Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects/microbiology; *Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects/microbiology; Equipment Design; Humans; *Renal Dialysis; Risk Factors; Treatment Outcome
Abstract The prevention of catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients remains a challenge because of high morbidity and mortality associated to CRBSI. Alternative locking solutions (ALS) containing an antithrombotic substance with additional antimicrobial or antibiofilm properties (citrate, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid [EDTA], 70% ethanol, thrombolytics) with or without the addition of molecules with specific antimicrobial activity (antibiotics, taurolidine, paraben-methylene-blue) has been proposed with the aim to prevent or eradicate intraluminal biofilm colonization and subsequent CRBSI. In this review, we examine the available evidence concerning their efficacy and potential side effects, in order to determine whether ALS should be implemented widely or only in selected cases.
Address Department of Nephrology, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels – Belgium
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1129-7298 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28297055 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 100066
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Author Herrera-Ballesteros, V.H.; Zuniga, J.; Moreno, I.; Gomez, B.; Roa-Rodriguez, R.
Title [Quitting smoking and willingness to pay for cessation in Panama] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Salud Publica de Mexico Abbreviated Journal Salud Publica Mex
Volume 59Suppl 1 Issue (down) Suppl 1 Pages 54-62
Keywords
Abstract Objective:: To characterize the desire for cessation and willingness to pay for abandonment therapy. Materials and methods:: The data source is the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Cessation and willingness to pay were characterized by sociodemographic (SD) and socioeconomic (SE) variables. Logistic regressions were performed to estimate associations. Results:: A greater desire for cessation was observed in variables: women, education, non-governmental and inactive employees, rural areas, occasional smokers and middle income, and greater willingness to pay, in: education, over 60 years old, non-governmental, self-employed, urban area, occasional smokers and low median income. Conclusions:: There is a high relation between the desire for abandonment, and willingness to pay with SD and SE variables. Cessation therapies can be applied in work centers, and require a change of focus in the intervention.
Address Ministerio de Salud. Panama
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Spanish Summary Language Original Title Quienes quieren dejar fumar y su disposicion a pagar por cesacion en Panama
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0036-3634 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28658453 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98019
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Author Miguel, M.G.; Barreto, R.P.; Pereira, S.Y.
Title Study of a tropical soil in order to use it to retain aluminum, iron, manganese and fluoride from acid mine drainage Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Journal of Environmental Management Abbreviated Journal J Environ Manage
Volume 204 Issue (down) Pt 1 Pages 563-570
Keywords Acid mine drainage; Column test; Contaminant transport; Liner; Tropical soils; Waste rock pile
Abstract The Ore Treatment Unit (UTM-Caldas), in the city of Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, nowadays in decommissioning stage, was the first uranium extraction mine in Brazil. Several negative environmental impacts in the area have occurred, because of mining, treatment and beneficiation processes. Waste rock pile 4 (WRP-4) generates acid mine drainage (AMD), which is discharged in the Nestor Figueiredo retention pond (NFP). However, leakage of acid water by the NFP dam foundation has been constantly observed. Therefore, this research aimed to investigate a typical tropical soil, in order to use it as mineral liner for the NFP to minimize the leakage of acid water through the dam foundation and to retain predominant chemical species. Geotechnical, chemical and mineralogical tests were performed to characterize the soil and a column test was carried out using the acid mine drainage as contaminant, which contained aluminum (Al), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe) and fluoride (F-). The soil presented micro aggregation, acid pH, and low values of organic matter content and cation exchange capacity, which are characteristics of highly weathered soils. Diffusion was the predominant transport mechanism in the column test. Effluent solutions with pH less than 6.0 indicated the formation of insoluble Al-F complexes in the soil and desorption of iron and manganese at concentrations above those allowed by the Brazilian legislation. At pH greater than 6.0, the desorption of iron and manganese and release of aluminum and fluoride in the free form occurred, with concentrations also higher than the allowed by the Brazilian legislation.
Address Institute of Geoscience, University of Campinas (Unicamp), Brazil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0301-4797 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28942188 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 97504
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Author Perez-Martinez, P.J.; de Fatima Andrade, M.; de Miranda, R.M.
Title Heavy truck restrictions and air quality implications in Sao Paulo, Brazil Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Journal of Environmental Management Abbreviated Journal J Environ Manage
Volume 202 Issue (down) Pt 1 Pages 55-68
Keywords Air pollution trends; Sao Paulo; Traffic-pollutant relationships; Transport emission factors
Abstract This study quantified the effects of traffic restrictions on diesel fuel heavy vehicles (HVs) on the air quality of the Bandeirantes corridor using hourly data obtained by continuous monitoring of traffic and air quality at sites located on this avenue. The study addressed the air quality of a city impacted by vehicular emissions and that PM10 and NOX concentrations are mainly due to diesel burning. Data collection was split into two time periods, a period of no traffic constraint on HVs (Nov 2008 and 2009) and a period of constraint (Nov 2010, 2011 and 2012). We found that pollutants on this corridor, mainly PM10 and NOX, decreased significantly during the period from 2008 to 2012 (28 and 43%, 15.8 and 86.9 ppb) as a direct consequence of HV traffic restrictions (a 72% reduction). Rebound effects in the form of increased traffic of light vehicles (LVs) during this time had impacts on the concentration levels, explaining the differences between rates of reduction in HV traffic and pollutants. Reductions in the number of trucks resulted in longer travel times and increased traffic congestion as a consequence of the modal shift towards LVs. We found that a 51% decrease in PM10 (28.8 mug m-3) was due to a reduction in HV traffic (vehicle emissions were estimated to be 71% of total sources, 40.1 mug m-3). This percentage was partially offset by 10% more PM10 emissions related to an increase in LV traffic, while other causes, such as climatic conditions, contributed to a 13% increase in PM10 concentrations. The relationships analyzed in this research served to highlight the need to apply urban transport policies aimed at decreasing pollutant concentrations in Sao Paulo, especially in heavily congested urban corridors on working days.
Address School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, Brazil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0301-4797 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28719822 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 97508
Permanent link to this record