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Author Coll, C. de V.N.; Domingues, M.R.; Hallal, P.C.; da Silva, I.C.M.; Bassani, D.G.; Matijasevich, A.; Barros, A.; Santos, I.S.; Bertoldi, A.D.
Title Changes in leisure-time physical activity among Brazilian pregnant women: comparison between two birth cohort studies (2004 – 2015) Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication BMC Public Health Abbreviated Journal BMC Public Health
Volume 17 Issue 1 Pages 119
Keywords Adult; Body Mass Index; Brazil; Cohort Studies; *Exercise; Female; Humans; *Leisure Activities; Maternal Age; Mothers/*statistics & numerical data; Obesity/complications; Parity; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Complications/etiology/*prevention & control; Pregnancy Trimesters/physiology; Time Factors; Young Adult; Birth cohort studies; Exercise; Motor activity; Physical activity; Pregnancy; Recommendations; Surveillance
Abstract BACKGROUND: Low levels of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) during pregnancy have been shown in studies conducted worldwide. Surveillance is extremely important to monitor the progress of physical activity patterns over time and set goals for effective interventions to decrease inactivity among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to evaluate time changes in LTPA among Brazilian pregnant women in an 11-year period (2004-2015) by comparing data from two birth cohort studies. METHODS: Two population-based birth cohort studies were carried out in the city of Pelotas, southern Brazil, in 2004 and 2015. A total of 4244 and 4271 mothers were interviewed after delivery. Weekly frequency and duration of each session of LTPA in a typical week were reported for the pre-pregnancy period and for each trimester of pregnancy. Trends in both recommended LTPA (>/=150 min/week) and any LTPA (regardless of weekly amount) were analysed overtime. Changes were also calculated separately for subgroups of maternal age, schooling, family income, parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index and pre-pregnancy LTPA. RESULTS: The proportion of women engaged in recommended levels of LTPA pre-pregnancy increased from 11.2% (95%CI 10.0-12.2) in 2004 to 15.8% (95%CI 14.6-16.9) in 2015. During pregnancy, no changes were observed over the period for the first (10.6 to 10.9%) and second (8.7 to 7.9%) trimesters, whereas there was a decrease from 3.4% (95%CI 2.9-4.0) to 2.4% (95%CI 1.9-2.8) in the last trimester. Major decreases in LTPA in the last trimester were observed among women who were younger, with intermediate to high income, high schooling, primiparous, pre-pregnancy obese and, engaged in LTPA before pregnancy. Changes in any LTPA practice followed the same patterns described for recommended LTPA. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the increase in the proportion of women engaged in LTPA before pregnancy between 2004 and 2005, LTPA levels remained stable during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy and declined during the third gestational trimester over the period. Interventions to encourage the maintenance of LTPA practice throughout pregnancy are urgently needed.
Address Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1471-2458 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes (up) PMID:28122524 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98029
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Author Ferrari, T.K.; Cesar, C.L.G.; Alves, M.C.G.P.; Barros, M.B. de A.; Goldbaum, M.; Fisberg, R.M.
Title [Healthy lifestyle in Sao Paulo, Brazil] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Cadernos de Saude Publica Abbreviated Journal Cad Saude Publica
Volume 33 Issue 1 Pages e00188015
Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Alcoholism/*epidemiology; Brazil/epidemiology; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; *Exercise; *Feeding Behavior; Female; *Healthy Lifestyle; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Smoking/*epidemiology; Socioeconomic Factors; Young Adult
Abstract The objective was to analyze adolescent, adult, and elderly lifestyles in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, according to demographic and socioeconomic variables. A cross-sectional, population-based study was performed with data from the Health Survey in Sao Paulo City (ISA-Capital 2008) database. Lifestyle was defined on the basis of physical activity, diet, smoking, and alcohol abuse and addiction, according to the respective guidelines. Prevalence of healthy lifestyle was 36.9% in the elderly, 15.4% in adults, and 9.8% in adolescents, and was higher in females in the elderly and adults. Among individuals with unhealthy lifestyle, 51.5% of the elderly, 32.2% of adults, and 57.9% of adolescents failed to reach the guidelines for adequate diet. Prevalence of healthy lifestyle was highest among the elderly, followed by adults and adolescents. Food consumption was the main factor associated with unhealthy lifestyle, demonstrating the importance of interventions to promote healthy lifestyle, especially adequate diet.
Address Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title Estilo de vida saudavel em Sao Paulo, Brasil
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0102-311X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes (up) PMID:28125129 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98028
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Author Gersey, Z.C.; Rodriguez, G.A.; Barbarite, E.; Sanchez, A.; Walters, W.M.; Ohaeto, K.C.; Komotar, R.J.; Graham, R.M.
Title Curcumin decreases malignant characteristics of glioblastoma stem cells via induction of reactive oxygen species Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication BMC Cancer Abbreviated Journal BMC Cancer
Volume 17 Issue 1 Pages 99
Keywords Acetylcysteine/pharmacology; Adult; Antineoplastic Agents/*pharmacology; Cell Proliferation/drug effects; Cell Survival/drug effects; Curcumin/*pharmacology; Drug Resistance, Neoplasm; Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor; Free Radical Scavengers; Glioblastoma/drug therapy/pathology; Humans; Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins/metabolism; Inhibitory Concentration 50; Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism; Neoplastic Stem Cells/*drug effects; Oxidative Stress; Reactive Oxygen Species/*metabolism; STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism; Tumor Cells, Cultured; Brain tumor; Curcumin; Glioblastoma; Natural product; Reactive oxygen species; Stat3; Stem cell
Abstract BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common and lethal form of primary brain tumor in adults. Following standard treatment of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, patients are expected to survive 12-14 months. Theorized cause of disease recurrence in these patients is tumor cell repopulation through the proliferation of treatment-resistant cancer stem cells. Current research has revealed curcumin, the principal ingredient in turmeric, can modulate multiple signaling pathways important for cancer stem cell self-renewal and survival. METHODS: Following resection, tumor specimens were dissociated and glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) were propagated in neurosphere media and characterized via immunocytochemistry. Cell viability was determined with MTS assay. GSC proliferation, sphere forming and colony forming assays were conducted through standard counting methods. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was examined using the fluorescent molecular probe CM-H2DCFA. Effects on cell signaling pathways were elucidated by western blot. RESULTS: We evaluate the effects of curcumin on patient-derived GSC lines. We demonstrate a curcumin-induced dose-dependent decrease in GSC viability with an approximate IC50 of 25 muM. Treatment with sub-toxic levels (2.5 muM) of curcumin significantly decreased GSC proliferation, sphere forming ability and colony forming potential. Curcumin induced ROS, promoted MAPK pathway activation, downregulated STAT3 activity and IAP family members. Inhibition of ROS with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine reversed these effects indicating a ROS dependent mechanism. CONCLUSIONS: Discoveries made in this investigation may lead to a non-toxic intervention designed to prevent recurrence in glioblastoma by targeting glioblastoma stem cells.
Address Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami Brain Tumor Initiative (UMBTI) Research Laboratory, Lois Pope LIFE Center, 2nd Floor, 1095 NW 14th Terrace, Miami, Florida, 33136, USA. rgraham@med.miami.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1471-2407 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes (up) PMID:28160777 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 96610
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Author Ramirez-Blanco, C.E.; Ramirez-Rivero, C.E.; Diaz-Martinez, L.A.; Sosa-Avila, L.M.
Title Infection in burn patients in a referral center in Colombia Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries Abbreviated Journal Burns
Volume 43 Issue 3 Pages 642-653
Keywords Acinetobacter Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Acinetobacter baumannii; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use; Bacteremia/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Burns/*epidemiology; Catheter-Related Infections/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Central Venous Catheters; Cephalosporins/therapeutic use; Child; Child, Preschool; Colombia/epidemiology; Drug Resistance, Microbial; Escherichia coli; Escherichia coli Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Female; Folliculitis/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Klebsiella Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Klebsiella pneumoniae; Male; Middle Aged; Oxacillin/therapeutic use; Pneumonia/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Pseudomonas Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Staphylococcal Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Staphylococcus aureus; Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Wound Infection/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Young Adult; Burn wound infection; Burns; Health care related infection; Nosocomial infection; Pneumonia; Urinary tract infection
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, burns are responsible for more than 300,000 deaths annually; infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Early identification and treatment of infection improves outcome. Toward this end it's necessary to identify the institutions flora and organisms that most frequently produces infection. OBJECTIVES: To characterize infections developed by burn patients hospitalized at the University Hospital of Santander (HUS). METHODOLOGY: Burn patients hospitalized in the HUS from January 1 to December 2014 were followed. Medical information regarding infections, laboratory and pathology reports were obtained. Statistical analysis with measures of central tendency, proportions, global and specific incidence density plus overall and specific incidence was obtained. For the microbiological profile proportions were established. RESULTS: 402 burn patients were included, 234 (58.2%) men and 168 (41.8%) women, aged between 6 days and 83 years, median 12.5 years. The burn agents include scald (52.5%), fire (10.0%), gasoline (9.2%), electricity (7.5%), among others. Burn area ranged from 1% to 80% TBS. Cumulative mortality was 1.5%. 27.8% of burned patients had one or more infections. Identified infections include folliculitis (27.0%), urinary tract infection (19.0%), infection of the burn wound (10.4%), pneumonia (8.6%), Central venous catheter (7.4%), bloodstream infection (7.4%) and skin grafts infection (4.3%) among others. Bacteria were responsible for 88.5% of the cases and fungi 11.5%. The most frequently isolated germs were P. aeruginosa, A. baumannii, E. coli, S. aureus and K. pneumoniae. Most gram-negative bacteria were sensitive to Amikacin, gram positive bacteria were sensitive to multiple antibiotics. CONCLUSION: Burns is a severe trauma that occurs in adult and pediatric patients, has several causative agents and can compromise the patient's life. The burned patient is at risk for a variety of infections. According to the type of infection it is possible to infer the most common causative organisms and their antibiotic sensitivity/resistance which allow a directed early empiric treatment.
Address University Hospital of Santander, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia. Electronic address: lumisosa@gmail.com
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0305-4179 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes (up) PMID:28185802 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 99267
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ramirez-Blanco, C.E.; Ramirez-Rivero, C.E.; Diaz-Martinez, L.A.; Sosa-Avila, L.M.
Title Infection in burn patients in a referral center in Colombia Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries Abbreviated Journal Burns
Volume 43 Issue 3 Pages 642-653
Keywords Acinetobacter Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Acinetobacter baumannii; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use; Bacteremia/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Burns/*epidemiology; Catheter-Related Infections/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Central Venous Catheters; Cephalosporins/therapeutic use; Child; Child, Preschool; Colombia/epidemiology; Drug Resistance, Microbial; Escherichia coli; Escherichia coli Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Female; Folliculitis/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Klebsiella Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Klebsiella pneumoniae; Male; Middle Aged; Oxacillin/therapeutic use; Pneumonia/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Pseudomonas Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Staphylococcal Infections/drug therapy/epidemiology/microbiology; Staphylococcus aureus; Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Wound Infection/drug therapy/*epidemiology/microbiology; Young Adult; Burn wound infection; Burns; Health care related infection; Nosocomial infection; Pneumonia; Urinary tract infection
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, burns are responsible for more than 300,000 deaths annually; infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Early identification and treatment of infection improves outcome. Toward this end it's necessary to identify the institutions flora and organisms that most frequently produces infection. OBJECTIVES: To characterize infections developed by burn patients hospitalized at the University Hospital of Santander (HUS). METHODOLOGY: Burn patients hospitalized in the HUS from January 1 to December 2014 were followed. Medical information regarding infections, laboratory and pathology reports were obtained. Statistical analysis with measures of central tendency, proportions, global and specific incidence density plus overall and specific incidence was obtained. For the microbiological profile proportions were established. RESULTS: 402 burn patients were included, 234 (58.2%) men and 168 (41.8%) women, aged between 6 days and 83 years, median 12.5 years. The burn agents include scald (52.5%), fire (10.0%), gasoline (9.2%), electricity (7.5%), among others. Burn area ranged from 1% to 80% TBS. Cumulative mortality was 1.5%. 27.8% of burned patients had one or more infections. Identified infections include folliculitis (27.0%), urinary tract infection (19.0%), infection of the burn wound (10.4%), pneumonia (8.6%), Central venous catheter (7.4%), bloodstream infection (7.4%) and skin grafts infection (4.3%) among others. Bacteria were responsible for 88.5% of the cases and fungi 11.5%. The most frequently isolated germs were P. aeruginosa, A. baumannii, E. coli, S. aureus and K. pneumoniae. Most gram-negative bacteria were sensitive to Amikacin, gram positive bacteria were sensitive to multiple antibiotics. CONCLUSION: Burns is a severe trauma that occurs in adult and pediatric patients, has several causative agents and can compromise the patient's life. The burned patient is at risk for a variety of infections. According to the type of infection it is possible to infer the most common causative organisms and their antibiotic sensitivity/resistance which allow a directed early empiric treatment.
Address University Hospital of Santander, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia. Electronic address: lumisosa@gmail.com
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0305-4179 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes (up) PMID:28185802 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 100297
Permanent link to this record