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Author Cruz, M.F. da; Ramires, V.V.; Wendt, A.; Mielke, G.I.; Martinez-Mesa, J.; Wehrmeister, F.C.
Title [Simultaneity of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases in the elderly in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Cadernos de Saude Publica Abbreviated Journal Cad Saude Publica
Volume 33 Issue 2 Pages e00021916
Keywords Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Alcoholism/epidemiology; Brazil/epidemiology; Chronic Disease/*epidemiology; Cluster Analysis; Cross-Sectional Studies; Exercise; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Obesity/epidemiology; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Sex Factors; Smoking/epidemiology; Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract This study aimed to describe the simultaneity of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases among the elderly (</= 60 years) in a city in Southern Brazil. This was a cross-sectional, population-based study of 1,451 elderly in 2013. Cluster analysis was applied to selected risk factors (smoking, alcohol consumption, excess weight, and physical inactivity). Logistic regression was used to assess the association between simultaneity of risk factors and socio-demographic variables. The most frequent cluster in men (18.1%) and women (30.7%) was physical inactivity + excess weight. The cluster alcohol consumption + excess weight exceeded the expected level in men (O/E = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.01; 1.59) and women (O/E = 1.72; 95%CI: 1.35; 2.20). The presence of two or more risk factors in the elderly population (88.1%) points to the need for specific interventions for this population to fight risk factors simultaneously rather than separately.
Address Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title (down) Simultaneidade de fatores de risco para doencas cronicas nao transmissiveis entre idosos da zona urbana de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0102-311X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28403276 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98024
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Author Herrera-Ballesteros, V.H.; Zuniga, J.; Moreno, I.; Gomez, B.; Roa-Rodriguez, R.
Title [Quitting smoking and willingness to pay for cessation in Panama] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Salud Publica de Mexico Abbreviated Journal Salud Publica Mex
Volume 59Suppl 1 Issue Suppl 1 Pages 54-62
Keywords
Abstract Objective:: To characterize the desire for cessation and willingness to pay for abandonment therapy. Materials and methods:: The data source is the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Cessation and willingness to pay were characterized by sociodemographic (SD) and socioeconomic (SE) variables. Logistic regressions were performed to estimate associations. Results:: A greater desire for cessation was observed in variables: women, education, non-governmental and inactive employees, rural areas, occasional smokers and middle income, and greater willingness to pay, in: education, over 60 years old, non-governmental, self-employed, urban area, occasional smokers and low median income. Conclusions:: There is a high relation between the desire for abandonment, and willingness to pay with SD and SE variables. Cessation therapies can be applied in work centers, and require a change of focus in the intervention.
Address Ministerio de Salud. Panama
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Spanish Summary Language Original Title (down) Quienes quieren dejar fumar y su disposicion a pagar por cesacion en Panama
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0036-3634 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28658453 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98019
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Author Girardi, S.N.; Carvalho, C.L.; Maas, L.W.D.; Araujo, J.F.; Massote, A.W.; Stralen, A.C. de S. van; Souza, O.A. de
Title [Preferences for work in primary care among medical students in Minas Gerais State, Brazil: evidence from a discrete choice experiment] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Cadernos de Saude Publica Abbreviated Journal Cad Saude Publica
Volume 33 Issue 8 Pages e00075316
Keywords Brazil; *Career Choice; Choice Behavior; Female; Humans; Income; Male; *Primary Health Care; *Professional Practice Location; Sex Factors; *Students, Medical; Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract This article presents the results of a discrete choice experiment (DCE) conducted in 2012 with 277 final-year medical students from Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The experiment tested students' preferences concerning future work as physicians in primary health care, based on hypothetical job scenarios aimed at measuring the likelihood of placement in areas with a shortage of doctors. Application of DCE involved (i) a qualitative stage to define the attributes and their respective levels to comprise the job scenarios, (ii) construction and application of the instrument, and (iii) analysis with application of multinomial logit with conditional probability to estimate the weight of attributes and to construct scenarios for choice probability. The results indicate that the job attribute that most impacted students' choice was location, followed by job conditions, pay, access to medical residency, type of employment relationship, and workload. Students from private medical schools, with higher family income, and females were generally more likely to resist job assignments in unsafe urban areas and remote areas of the countryside. The job scenarios that proved most plausible in terms of public intervention were those that combined middle-level wages, good working conditions, and 10 to 20 bonus points on medical residency exams.
Address Departamento de Matematica, Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste, Guarapuava, Brasil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title (down) Preferencias para o trabalho na atencao primaria por estudantes de medicina em Minas Gerais, Brasil: evidencias de um experimento de preferencia declarada
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0102-311X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28832780 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 97630
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Author Ribeiro, A.P.; Souza, E.R. de; Sousa, C.A.M. de
Title Injuries caused by firearms treated at Brazilian urgent and emergency healthcare services Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Ciencia & Saude Coletiva Abbreviated Journal Cien Saude Colet
Volume 22 Issue 9 Pages 2851-2860
Keywords
Abstract This paper analyzes the medical care given at Brazilian urgent and emergency healthcare services to people injured by firearms in 2014. A cross-sectional study was carried out on care given to patients with firearms injuries in 24 capital cities of Brazilian states and in the Brazilian Federal District, included in the VIVA Survey. Simple and relative frequencies of the variables related to the patients and to the event were calculated, and a logistic model for complex samples was applied adopting care for firearms injuries patients as outcome. The results show the following percentages of care events as caused by firearms: 0.7% for the category 'other accidents (other than transport-related accidents)', 1.5% for self-inflicted injuries, 15.9% for injuries due to assault, and 65.1% of cases arising from legal intervention. The care given was predominantly to young male adults (age 20-39), of mixed race and with a low level of schooling. The most common injuries were: to arms and legs; and to multiple organs. The paper concludes by discussing the efforts to control firearms held by the public in Brazil, and how they can lead to severe and lethal outcomes in quarrels and interpersonal disputes.
Address Departamento de Estudos sobre Violencia e Saude Jorge Careli/Claves, Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, Fiocruz. Av. Brasil 4036/7 masculine, Manguinhos. 21040-210 Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil. adalpeixoto@yahoo.com.br
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title (down) Lesoes provocadas por armas de fogo atendidas em servicos de urgencia e emergencia brasileiros
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1413-8123 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28954136 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 97503
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Author Fernandez Palacios, L.; Barrientos Augustinus, E.; Raudales Urquia, C.; Frontela Saseta, C.; Ros Berruezo, G.
Title Degree of malnutrition and its relationship with major structural and eating factors in Honduran preschool population. Prevalence of breastfeeding Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Nutricion Hospitalaria Abbreviated Journal Nutr Hosp
Volume 34 Issue 3 Pages 639-646
Keywords *Honduras; *Child malnutrition; *Breastfeeding
Abstract Introduction: Child malnutrition remains a serious public health problem in Honduras, with a national prevalence according to the World Health Organization (WHO) reference values of 29% in children under fi ve. In addition, the average chronic malnutrition in the region amounts to 80% in poor and indigenous communities, making Honduras the second country in Central America with the highest incidence of chronic malnutrition. Another problem of the region is the early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding: only 29.7% of children were exclusively breastfed until they were six months. Therefore, the study seeks to understand, identify and quantify the situation determinants and provide information for the design of public policies. Material and method:: The study consisted of a cross-sectional descriptive anthropometric assessment in which the nutritional status and the prevalence of undernourishment, malnutrition and malnutrition in 141 children aged between six months and fi ve years, belonging to urban and rural regions of the country, were analyzed, as well as assessing the prevalence of breastfeeding in fi ve Honduran departments (Intibuca, Lempira, Atlantida, Olancho and Francisco Morazan). Results and conclusion: When making the analysis by departments, differences regarding nutritional status and breastfeeding were observed between urban and rural areas, the latter being doubled in the case of chronic malnutrition and underweight, with percentages of 14.6% in urban areas versus28.8% in rural areas, and 4.6% in urban areas compared to 9% in rural areas, respectively. However, with respect to acute malnutrition and overweight in both regions, similar values were observed, above 1.1% for acute and 14% for overweight malnutrition. In relation to exclusive breastfeeding for six months, the departments of Olancho and Lempira maintained it for two years, with a percentage distribution of 80% and 48%, respectively. It must be noted that 36% of mothers did not provide breastfeeding, with the highest rate (15%) in the department of Francisco Morazan.
Address . l.fernandezpalacios@um.es
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Spanish Summary Language Original Title (down) Grado de malnutricion y su relacion con los principales factores estructurales y alimentarios de la poblacion preescolar hondurena. Prevalencia de la lactancia materna en los mismos
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0212-1611 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28627201 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 97043
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