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Author Del Campo Vega, C.; Tutte, V.; Bermudez, G.; Parra, D.C.
Title Impact on Area-Level Physical Activity Following the Implementation of a Fitness Zone in Montevideo, Uruguay Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Journal of Physical Activity & Health Abbreviated Journal J Phys Act Health
Volume 14 Issue 11 Pages 883-887
Keywords Soparc; observation; parks
Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to measure the level of physical activity (PA) of the users of an urban park before and after the installation of 2 fitness zones (FZs) and to assess the impact of that intervention on the users' level of PA. METHODS: The System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities method was applied in the urban plaza Liber Seregni in Montevideo (Uruguay): 14 different areas were mapped and then recategorized as fitness (for PAs, including sports), green, and paved zones. Observations were made in the spring (Sep-Oct) of 2011 and 2014, before and after placing 2 FZs. Participation was analyzed by gender, year, mapped areas, and zones, and significant differences were assessed using the chi2 test. RESULTS: In total, 7342 individuals (4091 men and 3251 women) were observed. A greater number of people with intense PA could be seen in the FZ, with significant differences between 2011 (45%) and 2014 (70%; P < .05). CONCLUSION: This is the first longitudinal study on the impact of an intervention to increase the level of PA in public spaces in Uruguay. Higher intensity levels of PA and fewer sedentary people were observed after the installation of the FZ.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1543-3080 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28556669 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial (down) 98022
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Author Fernandez Palacios, L.; Barrientos Augustinus, E.; Raudales Urquia, C.; Frontela Saseta, C.; Ros Berruezo, G.
Title Degree of malnutrition and its relationship with major structural and eating factors in Honduran preschool population. Prevalence of breastfeeding Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Nutricion Hospitalaria Abbreviated Journal Nutr Hosp
Volume 34 Issue 3 Pages 639-646
Keywords *Honduras; *Child malnutrition; *Breastfeeding
Abstract Introduction: Child malnutrition remains a serious public health problem in Honduras, with a national prevalence according to the World Health Organization (WHO) reference values of 29% in children under fi ve. In addition, the average chronic malnutrition in the region amounts to 80% in poor and indigenous communities, making Honduras the second country in Central America with the highest incidence of chronic malnutrition. Another problem of the region is the early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding: only 29.7% of children were exclusively breastfed until they were six months. Therefore, the study seeks to understand, identify and quantify the situation determinants and provide information for the design of public policies. Material and method:: The study consisted of a cross-sectional descriptive anthropometric assessment in which the nutritional status and the prevalence of undernourishment, malnutrition and malnutrition in 141 children aged between six months and fi ve years, belonging to urban and rural regions of the country, were analyzed, as well as assessing the prevalence of breastfeeding in fi ve Honduran departments (Intibuca, Lempira, Atlantida, Olancho and Francisco Morazan). Results and conclusion: When making the analysis by departments, differences regarding nutritional status and breastfeeding were observed between urban and rural areas, the latter being doubled in the case of chronic malnutrition and underweight, with percentages of 14.6% in urban areas versus28.8% in rural areas, and 4.6% in urban areas compared to 9% in rural areas, respectively. However, with respect to acute malnutrition and overweight in both regions, similar values were observed, above 1.1% for acute and 14% for overweight malnutrition. In relation to exclusive breastfeeding for six months, the departments of Olancho and Lempira maintained it for two years, with a percentage distribution of 80% and 48%, respectively. It must be noted that 36% of mothers did not provide breastfeeding, with the highest rate (15%) in the department of Francisco Morazan.
Address . l.fernandezpalacios@um.es
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Spanish Summary Language Original Title Grado de malnutricion y su relacion con los principales factores estructurales y alimentarios de la poblacion preescolar hondurena. Prevalencia de la lactancia materna en los mismos
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0212-1611 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28627201 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial (down) 98021
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Author Brinkmann, S.
Title “Fight the poisoners of the people!” The beginnings of food regulation in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, 1889-1930 Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Historia, Ciencias, Saude--Manguinhos Abbreviated Journal Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos
Volume 24 Issue 2 Pages 313-331
Keywords
Abstract For urban Brazil, the First World War triggered a dramatic food crisis that brought with it a massive increase in falsified goods and led to an uproar among the general public. Critics targeted the health authorities, who were evidently unable to suppress these frauds. This text spans the First Republic period and shows that since its proclamation the issue of regulating the food trade was part of health policies, but implementation was repeatedly delayed because of other priorities. This situation only changed with the health reforms of the early 1920s, which allows us to identify the First World War food crisis as a decisive point for the Brazilian state to take responsibility in this area.
Address Professor, Instituto de Estudios Europeos/Departamento de Ciencia Politica y Relaciones Internacionale/Universidad del Norte. Km. 5 via Puerto Colombia. 080001 – Barranquilla – Colombia. sbrinkmann@uninorte.edu.co
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title “Guerra aos envenenadores do povo!” Os inicios da regulacao de alimentos em Sao Paulo e no Rio de Janeiro, 1889-1930
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0104-5970 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28658421 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial (down) 98020
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Author Herrera-Ballesteros, V.H.; Zuniga, J.; Moreno, I.; Gomez, B.; Roa-Rodriguez, R.
Title [Quitting smoking and willingness to pay for cessation in Panama] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Salud Publica de Mexico Abbreviated Journal Salud Publica Mex
Volume 59Suppl 1 Issue Suppl 1 Pages 54-62
Keywords
Abstract Objective:: To characterize the desire for cessation and willingness to pay for abandonment therapy. Materials and methods:: The data source is the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Cessation and willingness to pay were characterized by sociodemographic (SD) and socioeconomic (SE) variables. Logistic regressions were performed to estimate associations. Results:: A greater desire for cessation was observed in variables: women, education, non-governmental and inactive employees, rural areas, occasional smokers and middle income, and greater willingness to pay, in: education, over 60 years old, non-governmental, self-employed, urban area, occasional smokers and low median income. Conclusions:: There is a high relation between the desire for abandonment, and willingness to pay with SD and SE variables. Cessation therapies can be applied in work centers, and require a change of focus in the intervention.
Address Ministerio de Salud. Panama
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Spanish Summary Language Original Title Quienes quieren dejar fumar y su disposicion a pagar por cesacion en Panama
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0036-3634 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28658453 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial (down) 98019
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Author Ayash, C.; Costas-Muniz, R.; Badreddine, D.; Ramirez, J.; Gany, F.
Title An Investigation of Unmet Socio-Economic Needs Among Arab American Breast Cancer Patients Compared with Other Immigrant and Migrant Patients Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Journal of Community Health Abbreviated Journal J Community Health
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Arabs; Breast cancer; Immigrant health
Abstract Although Arabs are a growing population in the United States, they are a hidden minority when compared to larger, more studied groups like Latinos and Caribbean immigrants of African descent (CIAD). There is limited research pertaining to patients' unmet socioeconomic and supportive care needs when undergoing breast cancer treatment, particularly among immigrants and migrants. This is a comparative study of a nested cohort of 36 Arabs, 145 Latinos and 128 CIAD breast cancer patients participating in the Integrated Cancer Care Access Network and their areas of needed assistance. The patients were recruited from eleven community cancer clinics in New York City and through community based organizations. Patients most commonly reported needing financial, transportation, and food assistance. Arabs were more likely than their CIAD and Latino counterparts to have health insurance and legal aid needs. Arabs also has the highest proportion of patients unaware of their own cancer stage, at odds with their report of lower information needs than the other groups. Additional culturally tailored Arabic language interventions are needed to educate Arabic speaking breast cancer patients to help facilitate access to available services.
Address Arab Health Initiative, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities Service, 485 Lexington Avenue, 2nd floor, New York, NY, USA
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0094-5145 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28669006 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial (down) 98018
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