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Author Cruz, M.F. da; Ramires, V.V.; Wendt, A.; Mielke, G.I.; Martinez-Mesa, J.; Wehrmeister, F.C.
Title (down) [Simultaneity of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases in the elderly in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Cadernos de Saude Publica Abbreviated Journal Cad Saude Publica
Volume 33 Issue 2 Pages e00021916
Keywords Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Alcoholism/epidemiology; Brazil/epidemiology; Chronic Disease/*epidemiology; Cluster Analysis; Cross-Sectional Studies; Exercise; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Obesity/epidemiology; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Sex Factors; Smoking/epidemiology; Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract This study aimed to describe the simultaneity of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases among the elderly (</= 60 years) in a city in Southern Brazil. This was a cross-sectional, population-based study of 1,451 elderly in 2013. Cluster analysis was applied to selected risk factors (smoking, alcohol consumption, excess weight, and physical inactivity). Logistic regression was used to assess the association between simultaneity of risk factors and socio-demographic variables. The most frequent cluster in men (18.1%) and women (30.7%) was physical inactivity + excess weight. The cluster alcohol consumption + excess weight exceeded the expected level in men (O/E = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.01; 1.59) and women (O/E = 1.72; 95%CI: 1.35; 2.20). The presence of two or more risk factors in the elderly population (88.1%) points to the need for specific interventions for this population to fight risk factors simultaneously rather than separately.
Address Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title Simultaneidade de fatores de risco para doencas cronicas nao transmissiveis entre idosos da zona urbana de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0102-311X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28403276 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98024
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Author Herrera-Ballesteros, V.H.; Zuniga, J.; Moreno, I.; Gomez, B.; Roa-Rodriguez, R.
Title (down) [Quitting smoking and willingness to pay for cessation in Panama] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Salud Publica de Mexico Abbreviated Journal Salud Publica Mex
Volume 59Suppl 1 Issue Suppl 1 Pages 54-62
Keywords
Abstract Objective:: To characterize the desire for cessation and willingness to pay for abandonment therapy. Materials and methods:: The data source is the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Cessation and willingness to pay were characterized by sociodemographic (SD) and socioeconomic (SE) variables. Logistic regressions were performed to estimate associations. Results:: A greater desire for cessation was observed in variables: women, education, non-governmental and inactive employees, rural areas, occasional smokers and middle income, and greater willingness to pay, in: education, over 60 years old, non-governmental, self-employed, urban area, occasional smokers and low median income. Conclusions:: There is a high relation between the desire for abandonment, and willingness to pay with SD and SE variables. Cessation therapies can be applied in work centers, and require a change of focus in the intervention.
Address Ministerio de Salud. Panama
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Spanish Summary Language Original Title Quienes quieren dejar fumar y su disposicion a pagar por cesacion en Panama
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0036-3634 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28658453 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98019
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Author Girardi, S.N.; Carvalho, C.L.; Maas, L.W.D.; Araujo, J.F.; Massote, A.W.; Stralen, A.C. de S. van; Souza, O.A. de
Title (down) [Preferences for work in primary care among medical students in Minas Gerais State, Brazil: evidence from a discrete choice experiment] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Cadernos de Saude Publica Abbreviated Journal Cad Saude Publica
Volume 33 Issue 8 Pages e00075316
Keywords Brazil; *Career Choice; Choice Behavior; Female; Humans; Income; Male; *Primary Health Care; *Professional Practice Location; Sex Factors; *Students, Medical; Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract This article presents the results of a discrete choice experiment (DCE) conducted in 2012 with 277 final-year medical students from Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The experiment tested students' preferences concerning future work as physicians in primary health care, based on hypothetical job scenarios aimed at measuring the likelihood of placement in areas with a shortage of doctors. Application of DCE involved (i) a qualitative stage to define the attributes and their respective levels to comprise the job scenarios, (ii) construction and application of the instrument, and (iii) analysis with application of multinomial logit with conditional probability to estimate the weight of attributes and to construct scenarios for choice probability. The results indicate that the job attribute that most impacted students' choice was location, followed by job conditions, pay, access to medical residency, type of employment relationship, and workload. Students from private medical schools, with higher family income, and females were generally more likely to resist job assignments in unsafe urban areas and remote areas of the countryside. The job scenarios that proved most plausible in terms of public intervention were those that combined middle-level wages, good working conditions, and 10 to 20 bonus points on medical residency exams.
Address Departamento de Matematica, Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste, Guarapuava, Brasil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title Preferencias para o trabalho na atencao primaria por estudantes de medicina em Minas Gerais, Brasil: evidencias de um experimento de preferencia declarada
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0102-311X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28832780 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 97630
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Author Gomes, F. da S.; Silva, G.A.E.; Castro, I.R.R. de
Title (down) [Household purchase of sodas and cookies reduces the effect of an intervention to promote the consumption of fruits and vegetables] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Cadernos de Saude Publica Abbreviated Journal Cad Saude Publica
Volume 33 Issue 3 Pages e00023316
Keywords Beverages/*statistics & numerical data; Brazil; Candy/*statistics & numerical data; Diet Surveys; *Feeding Behavior; Female; *Fruit; *Health Promotion; Humans; Male; Socioeconomic Factors; *Vegetables
Abstract This study examines the influence of increasing household availability of sodas and cookies on the effects of an intervention to promote the consumption of fruits and vegetables. The study analyzed data from 70 families living in low-income communities in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, selected in a stratified probabilistic sample, and who completed a 30-day food record before and after the intervention. The intervention contributed to a significant increase in the household availability of fruit and vegetables (+2.7 p.p.; 95%CI: 1.5; 4.0), contrary to the trend towards stagnation of such availability in the general population in Brazil. Meanwhile, the purchase of sodas and cookies, which was not the intervention's target, mirrored the upward trend in the consumption of these products (+5.8 p.p.; 95%CI: 3.3; 8.4). Families that increased their purchase of sodas and cookies showed lower increases, or even decreases, in the purchase of fruits and vegetables (p < 0.05), and had nearly fourfold lower odds of experiencing any increase in the household availability of fruits and vegetables.
Address Instituto de Nutricao, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title Aquisicao domiciliar de refrigerantes e de biscoitos reduz o efeito de uma intervencao de promocao de frutas e hortalicas
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0102-311X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28380139 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98025
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Author Ferrari, T.K.; Cesar, C.L.G.; Alves, M.C.G.P.; Barros, M.B. de A.; Goldbaum, M.; Fisberg, R.M.
Title (down) [Healthy lifestyle in Sao Paulo, Brazil] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Cadernos de Saude Publica Abbreviated Journal Cad Saude Publica
Volume 33 Issue 1 Pages e00188015
Keywords Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Alcoholism/*epidemiology; Brazil/epidemiology; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; *Exercise; *Feeding Behavior; Female; *Healthy Lifestyle; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Smoking/*epidemiology; Socioeconomic Factors; Young Adult
Abstract The objective was to analyze adolescent, adult, and elderly lifestyles in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, according to demographic and socioeconomic variables. A cross-sectional, population-based study was performed with data from the Health Survey in Sao Paulo City (ISA-Capital 2008) database. Lifestyle was defined on the basis of physical activity, diet, smoking, and alcohol abuse and addiction, according to the respective guidelines. Prevalence of healthy lifestyle was 36.9% in the elderly, 15.4% in adults, and 9.8% in adolescents, and was higher in females in the elderly and adults. Among individuals with unhealthy lifestyle, 51.5% of the elderly, 32.2% of adults, and 57.9% of adolescents failed to reach the guidelines for adequate diet. Prevalence of healthy lifestyle was highest among the elderly, followed by adults and adolescents. Food consumption was the main factor associated with unhealthy lifestyle, demonstrating the importance of interventions to promote healthy lifestyle, especially adequate diet.
Address Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title Estilo de vida saudavel em Sao Paulo, Brasil
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0102-311X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28125129 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98028
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