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Author Mello, A. de C.; Carvalho, M.S.; Alves, L.C.; Gomes, V.P.; Engstrom, E.M.
Title (down) [Food consumption and anthropometry related to the frailty syndrome in low-income community-living elderly in a large city] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Cadernos de Saude Publica Abbreviated Journal Cad Saude Publica
Volume 33 Issue 8 Pages e00188815
Keywords Aged; Aged, 80 and over; *Anthropometry; Brazil; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; *Food; Frail Elderly/*statistics & numerical data; Geriatric Assessment; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Nutrition Assessment; Nutrition Surveys; Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract The aim of this study was to describe anthropometric and food intake data related to the frailty syndrome in the elderly. This was a cross-sectional study in individuals >/= 60 years of age in a household survey in the Manguinhos neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (n = 137). Frailty syndrome was diagnosed according to Fried et al., anthropometric measures were taken, and a food frequency questionnaire was applied and the results compared to Brazilian Ministry of Health guidelines. In the pre-frail and frail groups, body mass index and measures of central adiposity showed higher levels, while lean muscle parameters showed lower values, proportional to the syndrome's gradation. Frail elderly consumed higher amounts of grains and lower amounts of beans and fruit; pre-frail elderly consumed more vegetables, dairy products, and high-sugar and high-fat foods; the two groups consumed similar amounts of meat. Thus, diagnosis of the syndrome, anthropometric evaluation, and dietary assessment should be included in health policies for the elderly, since they assist in early identification of risk and favor interventions for disease prevention and health and nutritional promotion.
Address Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Portuguese Summary Language Original Title Consumo alimentar e antropometria relacionados a sindrome de fragilidade em idosos residentes em comunidade de baixa renda de um grande centro urbano
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0102-311X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28832786 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98007
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Author Ma, H.X.; He, L.; Cai, S.W.; Xin, X.L.; Shi, H.D.; Zhou, L.; Shi, X.J.
Title (down) [Analysis of the spectrum and resistance of pathogen causing sepsis in patients with severe acute pancreatitis] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery] Abbreviated Journal Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
Volume 55 Issue 5 Pages 378-383
Keywords Adult; Aged; Anti-Bacterial Agents/*therapeutic use; Cross Infection; *Drug Resistance, Bacterial; Escherichia coli; Female; Gram-Negative Bacteria; Gram-Positive Bacteria; Humans; Male; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Middle Aged; Pancreatitis/*complications; Retrospective Studies; Sepsis/*drug therapy; Vancomycin/therapeutic use; Young Adult; Bacteria spectrum; Drug resistance; Pancreatitis, acute necrotizing; Sepsis
Abstract Objective: To investigate the characteristics of spectrum and drug resistance of pathogens causing sepsis in patients with severe acute pancreatitis(SAP). Methods: The clinical data of 63 SAP patients with sepsis admitted in Department of Hepatobiliary, People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were retrospectively studied. There were 47 males and 16 females, aged from 22 to 73 years, with an average age of (52+/-11)years. Samples were collected mainly from: (1)pancreatic and peripancreatic necrosis and abdominal drainage; (2)bile; (3) blood or deep venous catheter; (4) sputum and tracheal catheter and thoracic drainage; (5) urine. Strain identification and drug-resistance test were preformed on positive specimens. Results: Of 244 pathogenic isolates, mainly derived from abdominal cavity(36.0%), blood stream (14.0%), central venous catheter(11.8%), necrotic tissue(9.1%) and sputum(8.1%); 154(63.1%) were gram-negative bacteria, 68 cases(27.9%) were gram-positive bacteria and 22 cases(9.0%) were fungi respectively. The top six common pathogens isolated were E. coli(16.0%), E.faecium and faecalis(15.2%), P.aeruginosa(10.7%), K.pneumonia(9.8%), Acinetobacter baumanni(8.2%), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia(5.3%)respectively. The detection rate of E. coli and K. pneumonia extended-spectrum beta-lactamases(ESBL) was 84.6%(33/39) and 70.8%(17/24), the resistance rate to imipeniem was 12.8% and 25.0%, to cefperazone-sulbactam was 28.2% and 29.2%. As to P. aeruginosa and Acinetobacter bacillus, the resistance rate to imipeniem was 50.0% and 75.0%, to cefperazone-sulbactam was 42.3% and 70.0%; Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was completely resistant to cefperazone-sulbactam, but sensitive to minocycline, SMZ-TMP with the resistance rate less than 40.0%. Gram-positive bacterium strains mainly included E. faecium(38.2%, 26/68), E.faecalis(16.2%, 11/68) and Staphylococcus(35.3%, 24/68) which maintained high sensitivity to vancomycin, teicoplanin and linezolid, there was only one isolate resistant to vancomycin. Candida were the sole pathogens of fungal infections, sensitive to common antifungal drugs overall. Conclusions: The gram-negative bacteria are the predominant pathogens mainly including ESBL-producing isolates(E.coli and K. pneumonia) and non-fermentation bacteria(P.aeruginosa and Acinetobacter bacillus) causing sepsis in SAP. The infection rate and drug-resistance rate of these two kinds of pathogens are relatively higher.
Address Department of Hepatobiliary, People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Chinese Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0529-5815 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28464580 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 99094
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ma, H.X.; He, L.; Cai, S.W.; Xin, X.L.; Shi, H.D.; Zhou, L.; Shi, X.J.
Title (down) [Analysis of the spectrum and resistance of pathogen causing sepsis in patients with severe acute pancreatitis] Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery] Abbreviated Journal Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
Volume 55 Issue 5 Pages 378-383
Keywords Adult; Aged; Anti-Bacterial Agents/*therapeutic use; Cross Infection; *Drug Resistance, Bacterial; Escherichia coli; Female; Gram-Negative Bacteria; Gram-Positive Bacteria; Humans; Male; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Middle Aged; Pancreatitis/*complications; Retrospective Studies; Sepsis/*drug therapy; Vancomycin/therapeutic use; Young Adult; Bacteria spectrum; Drug resistance; Pancreatitis, acute necrotizing; Sepsis
Abstract Objective: To investigate the characteristics of spectrum and drug resistance of pathogens causing sepsis in patients with severe acute pancreatitis(SAP). Methods: The clinical data of 63 SAP patients with sepsis admitted in Department of Hepatobiliary, People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were retrospectively studied. There were 47 males and 16 females, aged from 22 to 73 years, with an average age of (52+/-11)years. Samples were collected mainly from: (1)pancreatic and peripancreatic necrosis and abdominal drainage; (2)bile; (3) blood or deep venous catheter; (4) sputum and tracheal catheter and thoracic drainage; (5) urine. Strain identification and drug-resistance test were preformed on positive specimens. Results: Of 244 pathogenic isolates, mainly derived from abdominal cavity(36.0%), blood stream (14.0%), central venous catheter(11.8%), necrotic tissue(9.1%) and sputum(8.1%); 154(63.1%) were gram-negative bacteria, 68 cases(27.9%) were gram-positive bacteria and 22 cases(9.0%) were fungi respectively. The top six common pathogens isolated were E. coli(16.0%), E.faecium and faecalis(15.2%), P.aeruginosa(10.7%), K.pneumonia(9.8%), Acinetobacter baumanni(8.2%), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia(5.3%)respectively. The detection rate of E. coli and K. pneumonia extended-spectrum beta-lactamases(ESBL) was 84.6%(33/39) and 70.8%(17/24), the resistance rate to imipeniem was 12.8% and 25.0%, to cefperazone-sulbactam was 28.2% and 29.2%. As to P. aeruginosa and Acinetobacter bacillus, the resistance rate to imipeniem was 50.0% and 75.0%, to cefperazone-sulbactam was 42.3% and 70.0%; Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was completely resistant to cefperazone-sulbactam, but sensitive to minocycline, SMZ-TMP with the resistance rate less than 40.0%. Gram-positive bacterium strains mainly included E. faecium(38.2%, 26/68), E.faecalis(16.2%, 11/68) and Staphylococcus(35.3%, 24/68) which maintained high sensitivity to vancomycin, teicoplanin and linezolid, there was only one isolate resistant to vancomycin. Candida were the sole pathogens of fungal infections, sensitive to common antifungal drugs overall. Conclusions: The gram-negative bacteria are the predominant pathogens mainly including ESBL-producing isolates(E.coli and K. pneumonia) and non-fermentation bacteria(P.aeruginosa and Acinetobacter bacillus) causing sepsis in SAP. The infection rate and drug-resistance rate of these two kinds of pathogens are relatively higher.
Address Department of Hepatobiliary, People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Chinese Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0529-5815 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28464580 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 100124
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Villalobos, A.M.; Barraza, F.; Jorquera, H.; Schauer, J.J.
Title (down) Wood burning pollution in southern Chile: PM2.5 source apportionment using CMB and molecular markers Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) Abbreviated Journal Environ Pollut
Volume 225 Issue Pages 514-523
Keywords Aerosols/analysis; Air Pollutants/*analysis; Chile; Cities; Coal; Dust; *Environmental Monitoring; Fires; Heating; Nitrates/analysis; Particulate Matter/*analysis; Seasons; Smoke; Sulfates/analysis; Wood/chemistry; Cmb-Mm; Fuel poverty; Source apportionment; Southern Chile; Sustainable urban development; Wood burning
Abstract Temuco is a mid-size city representative of severe wood smoke pollution in southern Chile; i.e., ambient 24-h PM2.5 concentrations have exceeded 150 mug/m3 in the winter season and the top concentration reached 372 mug/m3 in 2010. Annual mean concentrations have decreased but are still above 30 mug/m3. For the very first time, a molecular marker source apportionment of ambient organic carbon (OC) and PM2.5 was conducted in Temuco. Primary resolved sources for PM2.5 were wood smoke (37.5%), coal combustion (4.4%), diesel vehicles (3.3%), dust (2.2%) and vegetative detritus (0.7%). Secondary inorganic PM2.5 (sulfates, nitrates and ammonium) contributed 4.8% and unresolved organic aerosols (generated from volatile emissions from incomplete wood combustion), including secondary organic aerosols, contributed 47.1%. Adding the contributions of unresolved organic aerosols to those from primary wood smoke implies that wood burning is responsible for 84.6% of the ambient PM2.5 in Temuco. This predominance of wood smoke is ultimately due to widespread poverty and a lack of efficient household heating methods. The government has been implementing emission abatement policies but achieving compliance with ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 in southern Chile remains a challenge.
Address Environmental Chemistry and Technology Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 660 North Park Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0269-7491 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:28318790 Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 97509
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Phanthaphol, N.; Techasen, A.; Loilome, W.; Thongchot, S.; Thanan, R.; Sungkhamanon, S.; Khuntikeo, N.; Yongvanit, P.; Namwat, N.
Title (down) Upregulation of TCTP is associated with cholangiocarcinoma progression and metastasis Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Oncology Letters Abbreviated Journal Oncol Lett
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords 64, 65
Abstract
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1792-1074 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number ref @ user @ Serial 98395
Permanent link to this record